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The Concept of Emigration between the Past and the Present

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Even if you do not help the Prophet, Allah helped him when the disbelievers drove him out: when the two of them were in the cave, he [Muhammad] said to his companion, ‘Do not worry, Allah is with us,’ and Allah sent His calm down to him, aided him with forces invisible to you, and brought down the disbelievers’ plan. Allah’s plan is higher: Allah is almighty and wise.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

When the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) were severely harmed at Mecca, the Prophet (PBUH) allowed them in the fifth year of his mission to immigrateto Abyssinia, saying to them: “In abyssinia, there is a king who does not do any insjuce to anyone. So, join his land till until Allah relieves you from your distress.” So, some of the Companions immigratedto Abyssinia, and they enjoyed there a safe life and neighborhood and freely practiced their religion until they were informed that the people of Mecca entered into Islam, so they decided to return again. However, they discovered that the news was untrue, and they came to be harmed and tortured again, the Prophet (PBUH) allowed them again to immigrateto Abyssinia for the second time, and the immigrants at that time were headed byJa’farIbnAbu Talib.

When the people of Quraysh knew that those migrants were enjoying a secure life under the protection of the fair king of Abysenia, they wanted to get them back. Therefore, they sent a delegate asking the Negus to demand the return of the migrants. He answered them saying: “Nay, by God, they shall not be betrayed – a people that have sought my protection and made my country their abode and chosen me above all others! I will not give them up, until I have summoned them and questioned them concerning what these men say of them.” Ja’far Ibn Abu Taleb came and stood before the King to refue the claims of Quraysh ans said: O King, we were people steeped in ignorance, worshiping idols, eating unsacrificed carrion, committing abominations, and the strong would devour the weak. Thus we were, until Allah sent us a Messenger from out of us, one whose lineage we knew, as we knew his truthfulness and worthiness of trust and his integrity. He called us unto God, that we should testify to His Oneness and worship Him and renounce what we and our fathers had worshiped in the way of stones and idols; and he commanded us to speak truly, to fulfil our promises, to respect the ties of kinship and the rights of our neighbors, and to refrain from crimes and from bloodshed, to perform prayer, give charity, fast.. (andJa’far went on mentioning the good deeds in Islam). So, we believed in him, worshiped God alone, setting none beside Him, counting as forbidden what He has forbidden, and as permissible what He has allowed. For these reasons have our people turned against us, and have persecuted us to make us forsake our religion and revert from the worship of God to the worship of idols. That is why we have come to your country, having chosen you above all others; and we have been happy in your protection, and it is our hope, O King, that here withyou we shall not suffer wrong.” The Negus asked if they had with them any revelation that their Prophet had brought them from God and, when Ja’far answered that they had, he said: “Then recite it to me,” whereupon Ja’far recited a passage from the Surah of Mary. The Negus wept, and his bishops wept also, when they heard him recite. Then, the Negus said, “This has truly come from the same source as that which Jesus brought.” He said to the Meccans, “by God I will not deliver them unto you.”

When contemplating these twoemigrations to Abyssinia, one becomes sure that the emigration of the early Muslims was not anemigration from the land of belief to the land of disbelief, as the original ruling is do defend one’s land, not to abandon it out of fear from an oppressor or aggressor, but it was anemigration from a land of fear to a land of security, asthe Negus, at that time, was not a Muslim. However, he was a just ruler who secures the people who saought his protection. This is why it is said, “The Almighty Allah grants victory to a just state even ifit is a disbeliever one, and He, the Exalted, does not support an injust state even if it is a Muslim one.” Sovereinty may stand strong with disbelief, but it will not stand intact with injustice. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has put the just ruler in a high position, and high status on the Day of Resurrection, heading the seven categories of persons whom Allah will give them His Shade on the Day when there would be no shade but the Shade of His Throne. Thisposition for the just ruler comes because, with his justice, the whole society will be upright, and with his injustice, the whole society will corrupt.

When the Almighty Allah permitted the Prophet (PBUH) to immigrate to Medina, he was supported by Allah (Almighty), because this immigration was a positive transformation to build the state, achieve peaceful coexistence and harmony, and to achieve unity so that the Prophet (PBUH) could convey the message of his Lord, the Almighty, to all people. Allah, Glory be to Him, said, “Even if you do not help the Prophet, Allah helped him when the disbelievers drove him out: when the two of them were in the cave, he [Muhammad] said to his companion, ‘Do not worry, Allah is with us,’ and Allah sent His calm down to him, aided him with forces invisible to you, and brought down the disbelievers’ plan. Allah’s plan is higher: Allah is almighty and wise.”

In the eighth year of emigration, the Almighty Allah gave His Prophet a victory at Mecca and the Meccans embraced the religion of Islam in large numbers. By this, the concept of emigration turned froma narrow and limited meaning addressing physical movement, to include wide implications that cover all walks of life. With the liberation of Mecca, migration from one place to another became inapplicable after it had been a requirement at time of weakness, as Allah, the Exalted, said, “When the angels take the souls of those who have wronged themselves, they ask them, ‘What circumstances were you in?’ They reply, ‘We were oppressed in this land,’ and the angels say, ‘But was Allah’s earth not spacious enough for you to migrate to some other place?’ These people will have Hell as their refuge, an evil destination,” The ruling of emigration changed after the conquest of Mecca, by the saying of the Prophet “There is no emigration after the conquest of Makkah, but only Jihad (in the Cause of Allah) and a good intention.”

When SafwanIbnUmayyah embraced Islam, it was said to him, “No belief is accepted from the one who does not make emigration.” He said, “I will not go home till I visit Medina. He went to Medina and went tothe Prophet (PBUH) who asked him “Why did you visit us, O Abu Wahb?”  He answered, “I was informed that that no belief is accepted from the one who does not make emigration?” The Prophet said, “Go back to Mecca andtell them that there is no Hijrah now, It is just Jihad and intention.” the Prophet (PBUH) also said, “A Muslim is the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue or his hands. And a Muhajir (an emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) all what Allah has forbidden.”

The physical migration from Mecca to Medina is no longer applicable, However, all other noble meanings of emigration are still present. The Prophet (PBUH) stated that the real migration is to move positively towards what is better such as turning from laziness to seriousness and hardworking;  and from selfishness to altruism, sincere human fraternity, belief in diversity,freedom of belief, good neighboring relations, the work to build man religiously, scientifically, intellectually, and behaviorally, morally, economically, and socially. Such person is the one who will be able to build his country, make civilizations, work for all humanity, and preserve the dignity of man as a human being.

The proper understanding of the true meaning of the concept of Hijra indicates thatthere is a particular kind that never ever stops; it is that kind that has to do with transformation from ignorance to knowledge, from misguidance to guidance, from bad morals to good ones and from corruption to reform in a way that contributes to building civilization and the construction of the universe, since our religion is a religion of construing and reform. Allah, Most High, says, “He has produced you from the earth and settled you in it.” So, our nation is one of work, not laziness; a nation of construction, not destruction and corruption; a nation of civilization, not backwardness.

As such, every Muslim, who loves his religion and is proud of it, has to work on achieving its superiority and the dignity of his own country, away from all kinds of deviance and extremism like migration to other places to join the terrorist groups and organizationsunder the false pretext of performing Jihad, or the unlawful immigration that led to destruction and humiliation, since it is legally and lawfully prohibited because countries are as scared as homes. So, just as no one shall enter others’ housesbut after getting their permission, it is prohibited to enter others’countries except through the lawful and legal ways to do so. In other words, just as no one likes others to unlawfully or illegally gets into their countries, he should not accept that towards other countries.

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon his slave and Messenger Muhammad, his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

Celebrating this blessed occasion, we should not forget that Al-Muharram is one of the Sacred Months, so it is recommended to perform fasting in it. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Prayer offered in the middle of the night is the most excellent after the prescribed prayersand the most excellent fast after (fasting) in the month of Ramadan is the fast in the month of al-Muharram.” Muslims are also strongly recommended to fast the Day of ‘Ashura’; Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Fasting the day of ‘Ashura’, I hope, will expiate for the sins of the previous year.” It is also reported that when he (PBUH) came to Medina, he saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Ashura’. He asked them about that. They replied, “This is a good day, the day on which Allah rescued Bani Israel from their enemy. So, Moses fasted this day.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “We have more claim over Moses than you.” So, the Prophet fasted on that day and ordered (the Muslims) to fast (on that day).Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) said, ” When the Prophet (PBUH) fasted the Day of ‘Ashura’ and ordered Muslims to fast it, the companions said to him, “O Messenger of Allah, it is a Day that the Jews hold in high esteem,” so he (PBUH) said to them, “When the next year comes, God willing, we would observe fast on the 9th But the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) died before the advent of the next year;” meaning that he (PBUH) would fast the ninth and the tenth days. So, it is recommended to fast the tenth day of Al-Muharram, and it is strongly recommended to fast the 9th and the 10th days of it.

I ask Allah to guide us to what He loves and is satisfied with, and to make this new Hijri Year one of goodness, blessings and victory to Egypt and all other Muslim countries!


Companionship and its Impact on Character Building

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “On that Day, friends will become each other’s enemies. Not so the righteous.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

Man is a social creature by nature; he lives in and interacts with his society which influences him. Though every man has his own personal characteristics that differ from others’, living with others has a clear and powerful effect on man’s thought and behavior, and this effect is effective in defining one’s destiny in this life and the Hereafter.

No doubt that we need a strong personality that is blessed with the best human values of humanness and the highest degree of patriotism, so as to have a generation that builds and does not destroy, develops and does not destruct, and prefers the interest of the nation over any other interest.

The Islamic Shari’ah has called to build one’s character so as to be a conscious one, which is aware of the risks, able to handle burdens of life, and able to avoid seditions and discords. The Almighty Allah said, “Beware of discord that harms not only the wrongdoers among you.”

The Shari’ah has also ordered that one should have a confident and unhesitating character that is aware of what is right, and follows the truth. The Prophet (PBUH) said,  “Do not let yourselves be ‘yes-men’, saying: ‘If people are good then we will be good, and if they are wrong then we will be wrong.’Rather, make up your own minds, if the people are good then you are good, and if they are evil, then do not behave unjustly.”

There is no doubt that one of the most important things that has a profound impact on the building of a human character is “Companionship”, as everyone is influenced by his companions and follows their thought, beliefs, and practices. This has been proven by texts of Shari’ah, reasoning, and life experiences.

Having a righteous friends is of great importance in building of a strong personality that if useful for its religion, nation and society. This was what the Prophet (PBUH) taught his Companions, including Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq who set the most wonderful examples in good company and loyalty to his friends, as it is clear in his saying to the people od Mecca when they said to him, “Your friend claims that he was taken on the journey to Bait Al-Maqdis and retuned on the same night?” Abu Bakr answered them , “If he said so, then this should have happened. I believe him beyond that…I believe him in conveying a Holy message.”

This was the practice of the Prophet’s Companions. They represent the best examples of good companionship that is based on brotherhood, altruism, loyalty, unity, positivity, compassion and cooperation. Al-Nu’man Ibn Bashir reported the the Prophet (PBUH) said, “The believers in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy are just like one body. When one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever.”

To have a company of righteous people is a blessing in this life and in the Hereafter, as the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Allah, The Exalted, has teams of angels who rove about seeking out gatherings in which Allah’s name is being invoked. They sit with them and fold their wings round each other, filling that which is between them and between the lowest heaven. When [the people in the gathering] depart, [the angels] ascend and rise up to heaven. He (the Prophet) said: Then Allah, the Almighty, asks them – [though] He is most knowing about them: From where have you come? And they say: We have come from some servants of Yours on Earth: they were glorifying You (Subhana Allah), exalting you (Allahu akbar), witnessing that there is no god but You (La ilaha illa llah), praising You (Al-Hamdu lillah), and asking [favours] of You. He says: And what do they ask of Me? They say: They ask of You Your Paradise. He says: And have they seen My Paradise? They say: No, O Lord. He says: And how would it be were they to have seen My Paradise! They say: And they ask protection of You. He says: From what do they ask protection of Me? They say: From Your Hell-fire, O Lord. He says: And have they seen My Hell-fire? They say: NO. He says: And how would it be were they to have seen My Hell-fire: They say: And they ask for Your forgiveness. He (the Prophet p.b.u.h) said: Then He says: I have forgiven them and I have bestowed upon them what they have asked for,and I have granted them sanctuary from that from which they asked protection. He (the Prophet) said: They say: O Lord, among then is So-and-so, a much sinning servant, who was merely passing by and sat down with them. He (the Prophet) said: And He says: And to him [too] I have given forgiveness: he who sits with such people shall not suffer.”

Among the fruits of having righteous friends is that it is a cause to get the love of the Almighty Allah and a way to win paradise. Abu Hurairah reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “A man set out to visit a brother (in Faith) in another town and Allah sent an angel on his way. When the man met the angel, the latter asked him, ‘Where do you intend to go?’ He said, ‘I intend to visit my brother in this town.’ The angel said, ‘Have you done any favour to him?’ He said, ‘No, I have no desire except to visit him because I love him for the sake of Allah, the Exalted, and Glorious.’ Thereupon the angel said, ‘I am a messenger to you from Allah (to inform you) that Allah loves you as you love him (for His sake).”

Such company is also a cause to be resutrructed on the Day of Judgment with those righteous people. Anas narrated that, “A man asked the Prophet (PBUH) about the Hour (i.e. Day of Judgment) saying, “When will the Hour be?” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “What have you prepared for it?” The man said, “Nothing, except that I love Allah and His Messenger.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “You will be with those whom you love.” [Anas said] we had never been so glad as we were on hearing that saying of the Prophet. Therefore, I love the Prophet, Abu Bakr and Umar, and I hope that I will be with them because of my love for them though my deeds are not similar to theirs.”

May Allah have mercy with Imam al-Shafi’i who said:

I love the righteous poelpe, even if i’m not one of them,
And I hope I can obtain their intercession;

And I hate he whose trade is disobedience,

even if we are the same in our deeds

Also, from the fruits of having righteous friends, it reminds one with Allah, the Exalted, and gives one good friuts in this life and the Hereafter. Ibn Abbas narrated,  “The Prophet (PBUH) was asked, ‘Which people with whom we sit are better?’ The Prophet answered, ‘Those who make you remember Allah when you see them, who increase your knowledge when they speak and those whose deeds remind you of the Hereafter.”

A true friend is indeed a mirror to his brother; he urges him to do good, forbids him from doing bad, and loves for him what he loved for himself. Allah, the Almighty, says, “By time, (1) Indeed, mankind is in loss, (2) Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience. (3)”Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one. People asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)! It is all right to help him if he is oppressed, but how should we help him if he is an oppressor?” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “By preventing him from oppressing others.” This is actually what has been done by the good companion who saw his friend deviating from the truth and following the path of the Satan; he advised him and told him about what he should do and warned him the consequences of showing disobedience to Allah, Most High. Allah says, “His companion said to him while he was conversing with him, “Have you disbelieved in He who created you from dust and then from a sperm-drop and then proportioned you [as] a man? (37) But as for me, He is Allah, my Lord, and I do not associate with my Lord anyone.”

How impressive are the following verses of poetry:

Indeed, a true brother of yours is the one

Who helps you, and harms himself for you

The one, when the difficulties of life weaken you,

Sacrifice himself to keep you sound

Just as a good companionship has a good impact in the life and the hereafter, the bad companion also has its negative impact, as it contributes to forming a character of negative, destructive and deviating attitudes, let alone the bad consequences it incur to its owner in this life and the life to come. Bad companionship truly destructs noble values, eradicates good morals, corrupts youths and new generations, hinders the course of work, and spreads rumors and corruption. So, a bad companion seeks to lead his companion away from obedience, with the help of corrupt creeds and destructive thoughts. The Noble Quran records a very explicit example for the bad companion, “And they will approach one another, inquiring of each other. (50) A speaker among them will say, “Indeed, I had a companion [on earth] (51) Who would say, ‘Are you indeed of those who believe (52) That when we have died and become dust and bones, we will indeed be recompensed?'” (53) He will say, “Would you [care to] look?” (54) And he will look and see him in the midst of the Hellfire. (55) He will say, “By Allah, you almost ruined me. (56) If not for the favor of my Lord, I would have been of those brought in [to Hell]. (57) Then, are we not to die (58) Except for our first death, and we will not be punished?” (59) Indeed, this is the great attainment. (60) For the like of this let the workers [on earth] work.” He, Most High, also says, And the Day the wrongdoer will bite on his hands [in regret] he will say, “Oh, I wish I had taken with the Messenger a way. (27) Oh, woe to me! I wish I had not taken that one as a friend. (28) He led me away from the remembrance after it had come to me. And ever is Satan, to man, a deserter.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) told us the bad companion looks like the blacksmith, “The similitude of good company and that of bad company is that of the owner of musk and of the one blowing the bellows. The owner of musk would either offer you some free of charge, or you would buy it from him, or you smell its pleasant fragrance; and as for the one who blows the bellows (i.e., the blacksmith), he either burns your clothes or you smell a repugnant smell.”

In addition, bad companion is considered a tool for destruction and wronging oneself and others. One of the worst effects of bad companions is those who try to allure you to the way of the deviant groups of destruction that call for corruption and spreading mischief on the earth; another bad effect is for the friend to allure his companion to the way of drug addition, because these two ways lead the person to the way of destruction and incurs Allah’s Wrath in this world and the Hereafter.

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you


All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be him, his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

We all should beware of the bad companions and not to mingle with them, as Allah, Most High, says: “And it has already come down to you in the Book that when you hear the verses of Allah [recited], they are denied [by them] and ridiculed; so do not sit with them until they enter into another conversation. Indeed, you would then be like them. Indeed Allah will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers in Hell all together – (140);” and “And when you see those who engage in [offensive] discourse concerning Our verses, then turn away from them until they enter into another conversation. And if Satan should cause you to forget, then do not remain after the reminder with the wrongdoing people. (68)” In this regard, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “A man follows the religion of his friend; so each one should consider whom he makes his friend” and “Do not accompany except a believer, and do not serve your food except to one with Taqwa.” ‘Abd Allah ibn Mas’ud (Allah be pleased with him) said, “Hold your opinions on people based on their friends, since man does not accompany but whom he admires.”

Yet, we affirm that character building through good companionship is a joint duty of the entire society, and all of us shall be fully aware of this duty, a fact which is recorded by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) who said, “All of you are guardians and are responsible for your subjects. The ruler is a guardian and responsible for his subjects; the man is a guardian of his family; the woman is guardian in her husband’s house and responsible for her wards; a servant is guardian of his master’s property and responsible for his ward. So all of you are guardians and are responsible for your subjects”. So, we should care about educating and keeping our generations through the cooperation of the family, the school, the mosque, and all the other societal, educational, intellectual and media establishment, so that we could protract youth form falling prey to extremist thought of terrorist groups. We should also work on reinforcing national belonging, sine educating our sons and helping them choose their companions is a great responsibility; Allah, the Almighty, says, “O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Indeed Allah will question everyone who is responsible about his charge.”

O Allah! Provide us with good companions, and make us benefit from it


What to Come after Hajj?

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “As for those who say, ‘Our Lord is Allah,’ and take the straight path towards Him, the angels come down to them and say, ‘Have no fear or grief, but rejoice in the good news of Paradise, which you have been promised.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment

As we see, days, months and years pass very quickly. The life of man is just a counted number of breaths and every human has a predetermined age. This should be an admonition for people as the Almighty Allah says, “And He [Allah] is the One Who causes the day and the night to alternate, [as a sign] for whoever desires to be mindful or to be grateful.”

The reward of an accepted Hajj by Allah is to forgive one’s sins, so that a pilgrim returns as sinless as a newly born child, as the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Whoever performs Hajj and does not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commits sin, then he returns from Hajj as pure and free from sins as on the day on which his mother gave birth to him.” Thus, a wise person has to take advantage of this virtue granted to him by Allah, and avoid all sins and approach Allah with a pure heart and sincerity.

A person who has performed Hajj must be thankful to the Almighty Allah for allowing him to perform this act of worship. Being thankful here means to continue performing righteous deeds, since righteous deeds are not confined only to certain times or certain places. Rather, they may be performed at any time as long as a person has attained the conditions to perform them. This was the practice of the Prophet (PBUH) as he used to keep on performing good deeds in compliance with the saying of Allah “Worship your Lord until what is certain comes to you,” and His saying, “The moment you are freed [of one task] work on, and turn to your Lord for everything,” that is: when you finish one act of worship, begin another act, seeking the pleasure of Allah, the Most High.

The continuity in performing acts of obedience to Allah is the most pleasing thing to Allah and is a sign for one’s good ending of his life. ‘Aisha is reported to have said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked about the act most pleasing to Allah. He replied, “That which is done continuously, even if it is small.” So, let him be happy the one whom Allah guides to perform acts of obedience, help people and spread goodness in his society and country.

If Allah guides a believer to perform Hajj, this does not mean that it is the final deed that a person can do, because acts of worship are numerous. He may approach the Almighty Allah through supererogatory prayers and fasting, helping people, caring for the orphans, visiting sick people, etc because the Almighty Allah raises ones degrees as a reward for these actions. Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: ‘Allah say:  “… And My servant does not draw near to Me with anything more loved to Me than the religious duties I have obligated upon him. And My servant continues to draw near to me with nawafil (supererogatory) deeds until I Love him. When I Love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him; and were he to seek refuge with Me, I would surely grant him refuge.’”

It is necessary that one’s performance of Hajj be reflected on his behavior and tolerance in dealing with other people. This is a sign of Allah’s acceptance of one’s Hajj. Thus, he should deal with people with good manners, correct his shortcomings that he used to do before Pilgrimage, behaves in a good way with his family, father, mother, husband and son, and have good ties with his relatives, as well as doing all acts of righteousness, as the Almighty Allah said, “Goodness does not consist in turning your face towards East or West. The truly good are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, in the angels, the Scripture, and the prophets; who give away some of their wealth, however much they cherish it, to their relatives, to orphans, the needy, travellers and beggars, and to liberate those in bondage; those who keep up the prayer and pay the prescribed alms; who keep pledges whenever they make them; who are steadfast in misfortune, adversity, and times of danger. These are the ones who are true, and it is they who are aware of Allah.”

Hajj must leave its moral effect on the behavior of the pilgrim; Hajj is not a void ritual act performed without a purpose or a goal. Rather, it is an act of worship that is obliged to purify humans. The Almighty Allah said, “The pilgrimage takes place during the prescribed months. There should be no indecent speech, misbehaviour, or quarrelling for anyone undertaking the pilgrimage- whatever good you do, Allah is well aware of it. Provide well for yourselves: the best provision is to be mindful of Allah- always be mindful of Me, you who have understanding.” Also, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Whoever performs Hajj to this House [Ka`ba] and does not approach his wife for sexual relations nor commit sins (while performing Hajj), he will come out as sinless as a newborn child.” Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, “The reward of an accepted Hajj is paradise, and the sign for this is that a pilgrim returns from Hajj abstinent from this world and desiring the hereafter, andto abandon whatever evil deedshe used to do.”

If acts of worship do not affect man’s morals and refine his behavior, they have no value in the world or in the hereafter. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Do you know who is a poor? They (the Companions) said: A poor man amongst us is one who has neither dirham with him nor wealth. He (PBUH) said: The poor of my Umma would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers and fasts and Zakat, but he hurled abuses upon others, brought calumny against others and unlawfully consumed the wealth of others and shed the blood of others and beat others, and his virtues would be credited to the account of one (who suffered at his hand). And if his good deeds fall short to clear the account, then his sins would be entered in (his account) and he would be thrown in the Hell-Fire.” Also, He (PBUH) was asked about a woman who used to do much prayer, fasting and charity, but she used to behave badly to her neighbors, he (PBUH) said, “She will be in the Hellfire.”  Then, he (PBUH) was asked about another women who used to do little prayer, fasting and charity, but she never harmed her neighbors, he (PBUH) said, “She will be in the Paradise.

Good end is one of the deeds that man shall be keen on. It means that Allah, Most High, will guide the slave to keep away from doing what incurs His Wrath, to facilitate for him the ways to repent from sins and acts of disobedience and to enable him to do acts of obedience and good deeds, and then he dies on that good case.

Just as man’s good life in this worldly life relies on his deeds, guiding him to good deeds is thus a sign of good deeds; a fact which is recorded by the Prophet (PBUH) in his Hadith, “Surely, (the rewards of) deeds are decided by their last actions. Another narration yet reads, “‘Deeds are like vessels. If the lower part is good then the upper part will be good, and if the lower part is bad then the upper part will be bad.’” Thus, man shall strive to attain a good end and to be ready to the meeting of Allah through doing good deeds, a point which is deduced from the Saying of Allah, Glorified is He, “So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.” As such, whoever fears Allah, obeys His Orders and keeps away from His Prohibitions would be guided to good deeds on which he shall pass away, a fact demonstrated by the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) who said, “When Allah wants good for a slave, He puts him in action.” It was said: “How does he put him in action O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “By making him meet up with the righteous deeds before death.” That is to say that man’s last actions are what decide his end; if Allah guides a slave to obedience and worship and constantly do good deeds, his end will certainly be a good one and he will be of the prosperous who will be admitted into the Paradise. Allah, Most High, says, “And as for those who were [destined to be] prosperous, they will be in Paradise, abiding therein as long as the heavens and the earth endure, except what your Lord should will – a bestowal uninterrupted.”

One of the lessons deduced from Hajj is that the slave- pilgrims and others- shall show total surrender to Allah, Most High, while seriously considering the rationale. He shall firmly believe that the matter belongs completely to Allah and that what He, Most High, destines will certainly be realized. He, the Almighty, says, “It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error;” “Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise;” and “And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him. And if He touches you with good – then He is over all things competent. (17) And He is the subjugator over His servants. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted [with all]. (18)” It is thus clear that total surrender to Allah is of the signs of belief and pillars of Islam. So that this will be realized, man shall have good belief in Allah; so when he is satisfied with Allah’s Destiny and totally relies on Him, he will gain satisfaction, serenity and safety.

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be him, his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

Pilgrims have come back with their sins totally forgiven and their efforts appreciated. They are also rewarded for their deeds. Yet, they shall beware of being deceived by people’s praise to him, since labeling one as “a pilgrim” is not at all one of the main fruits of performing this duty, nor is it a reason for feeling pride and showing off. On the contrary, he, after coming back, shall show modesty and fear Allah. Hajj is in actuality, duty of great reward; whoever observes it and endures its hardships will for sure find its fruit in his heart, a matter that will be in turn reflected in his life as he will show modesty before Allah; his soul will denounce arrogance and his obedience will be free from showing off. So, whenever he sincerely does any act of obedience while having good intention, this will certainly cause him to do another good deed; the situation will continue as such from an act of worship to another and from an act of obedience to another until he reaches the level of Ihsan (i.e. benevolence), which is a sign of accepting man’s obedience.

Allah, Most High, mentions that the true believers who hasten to do good deeds fear their deeds will not be accepted, which is why they fervently hope Allah will accept them and reward them in return “Indeed, they who are apprehensive from fear of their Lord (57) And they who believe in the signs of their Lord (58) And they who do not associate anything with their Lord (59) And they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord – (60) It is those who hasten to good deeds, and they outstrip [others] therein.” Commenting on these verses, Ibn Kathir, may Allah have mercy upon him, said, “even though they are true believers of good deeds, they fear Allah. ‘Aishah, Mother of the Believers, Allah be pleased with her, said, “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, ‘And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear.” [23:60] Is this the one who commits adultery, steals and drinks alcohol?’ He said: ‘No, O daughter of Abu Bakr’ – O daughter of Siddiq – rather it is a man who fasts and gives charity and prays, but he fears that those will not be accepted from him.’”

It is thus clear that the true believer does not care about doing many acts of worship and recommended acts in the same way he cares about the acceptance/not acceptance of deeds and as much as these acts of worship are positively reflected in his life. Allah, Most High, ordered His Prophet (PBUH) to strive in doing acts of obedience and not to humiliate any deed that he will consequently abandon it and not to show admiration for his many deeds, since Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) clearly stated that pride is one of these things that render the reward of deeds null. Ibn ‘Abbas, Allah be pleased with them, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The three things that render the reward of deeds null are: feeling proud of opinions; stinginess being obeyed; and desired being followed.”

O Allah, help me remember You, expressing gratitude to You and worship You in the best manner; and guide us to keep on the Straight Path of Obedience and Worship

Eid Al-Adha Sermon

All praise is due to Allah; Allah is Great, Allah is Great, Allah is Great, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; Allah is altogether greater; and Praise be to Allah in abundance; and Glory be to Allah in the morning and at night; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his family, companions and whoever follows them to the Day of Judgment.

Muslim brothers,

The blessed Adha Day is a day of good, blessing, righteousness and benevolence. It is one of Allah’s Witnessed Days, since it is in these days have to do with one of the great pillars of Islam, that is, pilgrimage; it is a Day of sacrifice, giving, thanking and happiness with the Blessings of Allah, the Almighty, Who says, “Say, “In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy – in that let them rejoice; it is better than what they accumulate.” The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) also says, “The greatest day in Allah’s sight is the day of sacrifice and next the day of Al-Qarr (i.e. resting).” The day of Al-Qarr is the day that comes next to the day of sacrifice, because people rest in Mina city in this day after completing the works required in the Day of Sacrifice.

Whenever the blessed Al-Adha Eid comes, we remember the story of sacrifice and redemption- the story of Abraham and Ishmael (Allah’s Peace be upon them). The Wisdom of Allah, the Almighty, decrees that He would afflict His believing slaves with trails so that He would distinguish the bad from the good; He, Glorified is He, says, “And that Allah may purify the believers [through trials] and destroy the disbelievers.” Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael were afflicted with great tribulation; Abraham (PBUH) saw a vision that he should slaughter his son “Ishmael” (PBUH); a fact about which Allah, the Almighty, says in the Qur‘an, “And when he reached with him [the age of] exertion, he said, “O my son, indeed I have seen in a dream that I [must] sacrifice you, so see what you think.” Out of the fact that the father wanted to share the considerable reward with his son through showing total submission to Allah, the Almighty, he told his son about what he saw “O my son, indeed I have seen in a dream that I [must] sacrifice you, so see what you think;” and Ishmael offered the most perfect example of submission and surrender, “He said, “O my father, do as you are commanded. You will find me, if Allah wills, of the steadfast.” That is to say that the father and the son have offered a wonderful example of sacrifice, total surrender and full submission to His, Glorified is He, Order.

The Divine Law decrees that affliction should be accompanied by ease, and that trials should be followed by relief, which is why the Blessings of Allah, the Almighty, consecutively sent down for the sake of the father and his son. Allah, Glorified is He, says, “And when they had both submitted and he put him down upon his forehead, (103) We called to him, “O Abraham, (104) You have fulfilled the vision.” Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good. (105) Indeed, this was the clear trial. (106) And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice.” These verses carry Divine Testimony for the trail as being sore and for the two noble Prophets as being righteous and instantly watching Allah. Then Allah, the Almighty, saved Ishmael with a great sacrifice, and answered the supplication of Abraham to be of good reputation, “And grant me a reputation of honor among later generations.”

In this context, we affirm that showing happiness with the Eid is an act of worship and obedience. In other words, it is the right of the Muslim to be glad with the Eid, since the signs of lawful happiness shall be clear in such days. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said, “When the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) came to Medina, the people had two days on which they engaged in games. He asked: What are these two days (what is the significance)? They said: We used to engage ourselves on them in the pre-Islamic period. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Allah has substituted for them something better than them, the day of sacrifice and the day of the breaking of the fast.”This happiness actually reflects the greatness of this religion and its tolerance, and how it fits the human nature. The day of Eid is a day of happiness and making all people happy. During the Eid days, Muslims should spend generously on their families, offspring and relatives in every lawful way, including food, drinking, clothes, costs, etc., which are all among the acts for which man gets reward. In this regard, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “You do not spend anything by which you desire the face of Allah Almighty but that you are rewarded for it, even what you place in your wife’s mouth.” As well, man should be keen on making all people around him happy, especially the poor, the needy and the orphans, so that none of them would be in need in this day.

Slaughtering the sacrificial animals has been legitimized to realize the noble humanitarian meanings, with the aim of spending generously on one’s family and maintaining solidarity among the members of the society. It is also a revival to the way of Prophet Abraham (PBUH) and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), with the aim of getting close to Him, Most High. It is further an act of worship whose doer will be greatly rewarded by Allah, and one of the Rites of Allah that should be glorified, “That [is so]. And whoever honors the Rites of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.” Not only that, but it is also a good sacrifice whose ultimate objective is that to fulfill the piety of Allah, the Almighty, that urges people to do all good acts, keeps them away from all evil and leads them to obtain the content of Allah, Most High, “Their meat will not reach Allah, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and give good tidings to the doers of good.”

In this regard, we emphatically stress that we shall translate the fact that offering a sacrificial animal is one of the signs of greatness and progress of Islam, so we should not slaughter the sacrificial animals at the entrances of building or houses, nor should we do that in streets, alleys, or in front mosques or hospitals, since all of these acts will result in health issues. Islam has prohibited harm, “There shall be neither harm nor reciprocating harm.” In addition, our religion orders us to cleanse roads and to keep any harm away from them, counting this as an act of belief. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Belief has over seventy branches – or over sixty branches – the uppermost of which is the declaration: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’; and the least of which is the removal of harmful object from the road, and modesty is a branch of belief.”

Along with slaughtering, we also stress that the recommended act of offering a sacrifice is realized through the promissory notes of sacrifice that help distributing the shares to those who truly deserve them in dignity.

Second Sermon

All praise is due to Allah; Allah is altogether great; and Praise be to Allah in abundance; and Glory be to Allah in the morning and at night; all praise is due to Allah Alone; and may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions and whoever follows his guidance to the Day of Judgment.

Muslim brothers,

In the Eid day, we should be keen on strengthening social bonds and relations, with strengthening the ties of kinship as the most important of these relations ever, since it is regarded one of the greatest duties and best acts of obedience as it brings love among relatives and harmonizes people’s hearts. The fruits of maintaining the ties of kinship are recorded in the Prophetic Hadith, “Anyone who wants to have his provision expanded and his term of life prolonged should maintain ties of kinship.” In truth, maintaining ties of kinship requires pardoning and forgiveness and to meet evil deeds with good ones, which is why Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The person who perfectly maintains the ties of kinship is not the one who recompenses the good done to him by his relatives, but the one who maintains ties of kinship is the one who, when his relatives cut him off, maintains ties of kinship.”

It is also recommended to promote social relations among all mankind through visiting each other, shaking hands, exchanging greetings, knowing each other, and spreading affection among all mankind, which is regarded as one the most important acts of worship that brings forth the Love of Allah, the Almighyt. Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “A man set out to visit a brother (in Faith) in another town and Allah sent an angel on his way. When the man met the angel, the latter asked him, “Where do you intend to go?” He said, “I intend to visit my brother in this town.” The angel said, “Have you done any favour to him?” He said, “No, I have no desire except to visit him because I love him for the sake of Allah, the Exalted, and Glorious.” Thereupon the angel said, “I am a messenger to you from Allah (to inform you) that Allah loves you as you love him (for His sake)”

In this day, the Prophet (PBUH) used to walk to the place where he would offer his prayer. ‘Ali (Allah be pleased with him) said, “It is recommended to walk to the place of prayer in the Eid. In addition, he (PBUH) used to walk in one way and go back from another way; Jabir Ibn ‘Abd Allah, “When it is the day of Eid, the Prophet (PBUH) used to go in one way and to go back in a different one,” so that they both would testify for him on the Day of Resurrection, and so that a large number of people would meet in this day and thereby exchanges greetings. Jubair Ibn Nufair (Allah be pleased with him) narrated that when the companions of the Prophet (PBUH) met on the day of Eid, they used to say to each other, “May Allah accept from us and from you.”

O Allah! Make it a blessed Eid full of security, blessings and welfare for Egypt and the entire world!