Breaking News

Lessons Drawn from the Prophet’sFarewell Sermon

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Today I have perfected your religion for you, completed My blessing upon you, and chosen as your religion Islam.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The Almighty Allah sent His Messenger (PBUH) with guidance and the true religion to bring people out of darkness into light, and from misguidance into guidance, and to lead them into the path of salvation and happiness in this life and in the Hereafter. Thus, he (PBUH) called for the best values and sublime manners, and conveyed the Message of his Lord in the best way, devoting his entire life to promote human values through his sayings, actions, and practices.

When the Prophet (PBUH) performed the fifth pillar of Islam, i.e. Hajj, he (PBUH) stood on the mount of Arafat, at in the greatest human gathering at that time, explaining the rituals of Hajj to his Companions, and to the whole Muslim nation to come after them. He (PBUH)highlighted the human and moral values that he hadalwayes called for throughout his life, as he felt that he might die soon. Thus, his sermon (PBUH) included many great lessons and insights that represent a way of life for all humanity.

Among these lessons is establishing the principles of justice and equality among all people: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “O People! Verily your lord is One, and your father is one; an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have any superiority over an Arab; a white has no superiority over a black, nor does a black have any superiority over a white; [none have superiority over another] except by piety and good action. The best among you in the sight of Allah is the most pious one…”  He (PBUH) made piety and good deeds the standards of preference, in accordance with the saying of Allah, “People, We created you all from a single man and a single woman, and made you into races and tribes so that you should recognize one another. In Allah’s eyes, the most honoured of you are the ones most mindful of Him.Allah is all Knowing, all Aware.” Thus, all people are equal in rights and responsibilities without any discrimination or racial prejudice. This is the meaning of justice which is the standard measure of nations’ uprightness. The Almighty Allah said, “When you speak, be just, even if it concerns a relative.” He, the Almighty, also said “And, if you judge between people, to do so with justice,” and “Do not let hatred of others lead you away from justice, but adhere to justice, for that is closer to awareness of Allah.”

Among these lessons also is: The inviolability of souls, properties, and honor. Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abu Bakrah narrated on the authority of his father that “Once the Prophet (PBUH) was riding his camel and a man was holding its rein. The Prophet (PBUH) asked, “What is the day today?” We kept quiet, thinking that he might give that day another name.  He said, “Isn’t it the day of Nahr (slaughtering of the animals of sacrifice)” We replied, “Yes.” He further asked, “Which month is this?” We again kept quiet, thinking that he might give it another name. Then he said, “Isn’t it the month of Dhul-Hijja?” We replied, “Yes.” He said, “Verily! Your blood, property and honor are sacred to one another like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yours and in this city of yours. Let those who are present inform those who are absent because those who are absent might comprehend (what I have said) better than the present audience.” In this situation, the Prophet (PBUH) drew the attention of his Companions, with this eloquent manner, to the sanctity and inviolability of blood, money, and honor. Thus, it is prohibited to transgress against them in any way. Islam calls for the promotion of safety, peace and security, and wishes that all people enjoy a stable life, without discrimination or differentiate between one individual and another, regardless of his gender, color, or religion. The Islamic Shari’ah guarantees these rights for every human being.  Allah, the Most High, said, “Do not take the life that Allah has made sacred, except by right. This is what He commands you to do: perhaps you will use your reason.”

The Shari’ah makes the killing of one soul without any legal justification as equal to killing all people as Allah said, “We decreed to the Children of Israel that if anyone kills a person- unless in retribution for murder or spreading corruption in the land- it is as if he kills all mankind, while if any saves a life it is as if he saves the lives of all mankind.”To stress the sanctity of blood, the Prophet (PBUH) warned again in this sermon against killing saying, “Do not revert to disbelief after me by striking (cutting) the necks of one another.”

Just as Islam forbids transgression against souls, it also forbids transgression against properties as the Almighty Allah said, “You who believe, do not wrongfully consume each other’s wealth but trade by mutual consent.” He, the Exalted, also said, “Do not consume your property wrongfully, nor use it to bribe judges, intending sinfully and knowingly to consume parts of other people’s property.” To preserve people properties in general terms, the Sharia’h has forbidden theft, imposing a deterrent penalty thereof, as the Almighty Allah says, “Cut off the hands of thieves, whether they are man or woman, as punishment for what they have done- a deterrent from Allah: Allah is almighty and wise.” The Shari’ah has also forbidden illegal usurping of land in any way, as our Prophet (pbuh) said, “Whoever usurps unlawfully even a hand span of land,his neck will be encircled with it seven times on the Day of Resurrection.”

Islam also prohibited violation of honors or defaming them in any way, affirming that there is no difference between Muslims’ honors and those of non-Muslims in this regard. Affirming the prohibition of fornication, Allah, the Almighty, says, “And go not nigh to fornication; surely it is an indecency and an evil way.” In the same connection, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) prohibited slandering of chaste women, and even counts it among the major sins “Avoid the seven destructive things.” It was asked: (by those present): “What are they, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “…and slandering chaste women who never even think of anything touching chastity and are good believers.” He (PBUH) further declared unlawful to verbally abuse others, and even considers it an act of Fusuq (disobedience to Allah), affirming “”Reviling a Muslim is Fusuq (disobedience of Allah) and killing him is (tantamount to) disbelief.”

One of the lessons deduced from the Farewell sermon is also calling for unity and warning against division. He (PBUH) is narrated to have said, “Satan has despaired of ever being worshipped in this land of yours, but he will be obeyed in some matters which you regard as insignificant, and he will be content with that.” So, we should unite and hold fast to the covenant of Allah in fulfillment of the Divine Order “And hold fast by the covenant of Allah all together and be not disunited …” and “And obey Allah and His Apostle and do not quarrel for then you will be weak in hearts and your power will depart, and be patient; surely Allah is with the patient.” We should take into account that disunity is not of the Religion of Allah, “Surely they who divided their religion into parts and became sects, you have no concern with them …” Islam calls for unity and bans conflict and disunity.

As well, one of the lessons is to hold fast to the Book of Allah (the Almighty) and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) as he (PBUH) says, “I have left among you, that which if you hold fast to it, you shall not go astray: The Book of Allah; and you will be asked about me …” The Book of Allah (Most High) is the everlasting miracle that falsehood shall not come to it from before it nor from behind it; it is the Book that never ever changes. It is through the Qur‘an and the Sunnah that Allah totally eliminates all whims and differences. He, Most High, says: “O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the Apostle, if you believe in Allah and the last day; this is better and very good in the end.” Adherence to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet is a sign of faith and a proof of piety; Allah, the Almighty, says, “But no! By your Lord! They do not believe (in reality) until they make you a judge of that which has become a matter of disagreement among them, and then do not find any straitness in their hearts as to what you have decided and submit with entire submission.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you


All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be him, his companions and family to the end of time.

Muslim brothers,

Out of the fact that the Farewell Sermon includes the human values that keep man’s dignity and secures his security and safety, it is considered the first universal declaration on human rights. One of the lessons deduced from the sermon is showing the ability to status of women and their position in the Islamic Shariah. Affirming the high status of women, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) recommended men to treat them well, since they are the counterpart of men, meaning that they have mutual rights and duties. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “You have rights over your women and your women have rights over you.”

Islam honors woman, be she a mother, a sister, a daughter, or a wife. It gives woman a number of rights that secures her happiness and prosperity in this life and the life to come, and preserves her dignity. When he (PBUH) was asked, “Who among people is most deserving of my fine treatment?” He (PBUH) replied, “Your mother.” He again asked, ”Who next?” “Your mother”, the Prophet (PBUH) replied again. He asked, “Who next?” He (PBUH) said again, “Your mother.” He again asked, “Then who?” Thereupon, he (PBUH) said,” Then your father.” He (PBUH) also said, “Whoever has three daughters and is patient with them, and feeds them, gives them to drink, and clothes them from his wealth; they will be a shield against Fire for him on the Day of Resurrection.” Another narration reads, “Whoever looks after two daughters, or three daughters, or two sisters, or three sisters until he passes away, he and I will be brothers like these two sisters, and he held up his forefinger and middle finger together.” Abu Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Act kindly towards woman, for woman is created from a rib, and the most crooked part of the rib is its top. If you attempt to straighten it, you will break it, and if you leave it, its crookedness will remain there. So act kindly towards women.” The word “good” in the Hadith is fully inclusive as it indicates that men should be characterized with all the traits of true men when dealing with women.

We are in dire need to apply these noble values that gathered all good for the entire humanity. They actually have no precedent in the human history, as they laid down the human rights and established the basic moral principles that, if carefully examined, will cause peoples’ happiness in this life and the life to come.

O our Lord, accept from us for you are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing; and show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.

Taking Advantage of the Seasons of Worship and Righteaous Deeds

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Hurry towards your Lord’s forgiveness and a Garden as wide as the heavens and earth prepared for the righteous, who give, both in prosperity and adversity, who restrain their anger and pardon people- God loves those who do good.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The Almighty Allah has made certain times of the year as seasons in which rewards are multiplied, grades are raise and servants are encouraged to continue their acts of worship. A person of a sound mind is the one who makes use of these occasions, purifies his intention and perfects his deeds of approaching Allah, the Exalted, so that he can receive the Blessings and Mercy of his Lord. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Verily your Lord has breaths of His Mercy in the days of your time-so expose yourselves to them. Perhaps one of you may get such breath of mercy after which he may not suffer any misery.”

Surely, we are currently witnessing one of the greatest occasions in reward and one of the most virtuous occasions, as the Almighty Allah made the reward of good deeds in these days much higher than the same deeds at any other time. These are honorable days and great times that the Prophet (PBUH) showed us their value and virtue including:

The Almighty Allah made an oath in His Glorious Book, the Qur’an, by these days, saying, “By the Daybreak, by the Ten Nights, by the even and the odd…” Exegetes of the Qur’an agree that these ten nights are first ten days of the Month of Dhul Hijjah. It goes without saying that when Allah makes an oath by something, it should be a great and honrable thing. So, this oath comes to inform us of the virtue of these days, their importance and position.

Among the virtues of these ten days is: they are the “specified” days mentioned in Allah’s saying, “To attain benefits and celebrate God’s name, on specified days, over the livestock He has provided for them.” In these days, Muslims witness all great Islamic rituals including prayer, charity, fasting, Pilgrimage (Hajj), and this happens only in these days.

Among their virtues also:They are the most beloved days to Allah. Performing good deeds in these days is more pleasing to Allah than anyother time. They represent an opportinuity to compete to please Allah to get His reward. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “There are no days during which the righteous action is so pleasing to Allah than these days (i.e., the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah) He was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, not even Jihad in the Cause of Allah?” He (PBUH) replied, “Not even Jihad in the Cause of Allah, except in case one goes forth with his life and his property and does not return with either of it.”  So, every Muslim should take advantage of this great opportunity and lofty reward, and approaches Allah with all forms of rituals and acts of worship.

At the top off the righteous deeds that a Muslim can do in these days to get closer to Allah is Hajj or Pilgrimage as the Almighty Allah says, “The pilgrimage takes place during the prescribed months. There should be no indecent speech, misbehaviour, or quarrelling for anyone undertaking the pilgrimage.” Pilgrimage is the fifth pillar of Islam, with which a person completes the Pillars of Islam and gets his sins forgiven. After performing Hajj, a pilgrim is considered a new-born with regard to his sins. The Prophet (PBUH)said, “Whoever performs Hajj for Allah’s pleasure and does not have sexual relations with his wife, and does not do evil or sins then he will return (after Hajj free from all sins) as if he were born anew.”

Hajj is a great opportunity to learn virtues and high morals, as a Muslim experiences righteousness and devotion to Allah, controls his whims, and acquires good manners including altruism and modesty instead of selfishness and begging. A Muslims also learns accuracy and commitmenst in his sayings and actions. In Hajj, a pilgrim is obliged to adhere to the teachings of Islam including having good morals and absorbs the behavioral and moral implications of Hajj.

Moreover, Hajj as an act of worship, it is a message of peace for the whole universe; it is a manifestation of total peace, safety, and security. During Hajj, there is no room for quarrel, argument, discord or even hunting. Allah said, “You who believe, do not kill game while you are in the state of consecration [for pilgrimage].” Being peaciful here is not confined to humans and animals in. It extends also to cover plants. A pilgrim is asked to be peaceful to plants as the Prophet (pbuh) said, “Allah has made this town a sanctuary. Its thorny bushes should not be cut, its game should not be chased, and its fallen things should not be picked up except by one who would announce it publicly.” In fact, this is a training for Muslims to be peaceful to all humans, and plants after completing the obligation of pilgrimage, especially as the Prophet said in the Farewell Sermon, “Shall I tell you who the true believer is? He is the one from whom the people’s lives and wealth are safe. The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand people are safe; the Mujahid is the one who strives for the sake of worshipping Allah; and the Emigrant is the one who forsakes sins.”

Also, among the good deeds that a servant of Allah is recommended to do in these virtuous days is fasting. Fasting is one of the best ritulas, and God has linked it to Himself to indicate its greatness. In one of the Qudsi Ahadith, The Almighty Allah says, “Every act of the son of Adam is for him except fasting. It is done for My sake, and I will give a reward for it.” Also, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “No servant (of Allah) fasts on a day (merely) for the sake of Allah except that Allah pushes the Hellfire seventy years further away from his face, due to fasting on this day” Thus, it is recommended to fast as mush day as possible during the first nine days of themonth of Dhul Hijjah, especially fasting on the day of Arafat for non-pilgrims. The Prophet (pbuh) has praised fasting on that day in particular saying, “Fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah, I hope from Allah, expiates for the sins of the year before and the year after.”

The Day of ‘Arafah is one of the witnessed Days when Allah, the Almighty, showers His slaves with His Mercy, Forgiveness and release them of the Hell-Fire. It is a Day when peoples’ supplications are answered and their sins are forgiven- a Day when Allah, Most High, praises His slaves to the inhabitants of the Heavens and the Earth. In this regard, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is reported to have said, “There is no day when God sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of ‘Arafah. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want?” In addition, it is the Day when Allah perfected this religion and blessings upon the believers. ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) says, “A Jew said to me: ‘If this Verse had been revealed to us, we would have taken it as Eid: ‘This day, I have perfected your religion for you.’ ‘Umar said: ‘I know the day when it was revealed and the night on which it was revealed: a Friday night when we were with Messenger of Allah in Arafat.’

It is recommended for the Muslim to much remember Allah, Glory be to Him, in these Days, since remembrance (of Allah) is the life of hearts whereby serenity is realized; Allah, the Almighty, says, “Those who believe and whose hearts are set at rest by the remembrance of Allah; now surely by Allah’s remembrance are the hearts set at rest.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also said, “There are no days in which righteous deeds are greater and more beloved to Allah than those ten days. So, praise and glorify Allah much in them.” ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to say “Allah is Great” while in his tent in the city of Mina and the people used to reiterate after him until the entire city is replete with Takbir. Ibn ‘Umar, on his part, used to say Takbir after the performance of prayers, while on his bed, sitting and walking. It is thus recommended for the Muslim to publicly say Takbir in these days by kind of glorifying Allah, the Almighty. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “Shall I not tell you the best of your deeds, and those that give you the highest rank, and those that are the purest with your King, and are better for you than giving gold and silver, and better for you than meeting your enemy and striking their necks?” They said, “Of course.” He said, “Remembrance (dhikr) of Allah, Most High.” In the same connection, Mu‘adh (may Allah be pleased with him) says, “A man does nothing to rescue himself from Allah’s punishment better than remembering Allah.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

Slaughtering a sacrificial animal is one of the most righteous deeds by means of which the salve get close to Allah, the Almighty, in these days, since it is taken from the religion of Abraham and is a proof on the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It is one of the Rites of Allah, Most High. Allah, Glorified is He, says, “That (shall be so); and whoever respects the signs of Allah, this surely is (the outcome) of the piety of hearts.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), when asked about these sacrificial animals, said, “It is the Sunnah of your father Abraham.” He (PBUH) also says, “The son of Adam does not do any deed on the Day of Sacrifice that is dearer to Allah than shedding blood. It will come on the Day of Resurrection with its horns and cloven hoofs and hair. Its blood is accepted by Allah before it reaches the ground. So be content when you do it.”

In truth, offering sacrificial animals is a form of social solidarity that maintains affection, mercy and cohesion among the members of the society. So, when the Prophet (PBUH) found people in Median suffering from hunger, he said, “Whoever has slaughtered a sacrifice should not keep anything of its meat after three days.” When it was the next year the people said, “O Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)! Shall we do as we did last year?” He said, ‘Eat of it and feed of it to others and store of it for in that year the people were having a hard time and I wanted you to help (the needy).” As such, when people are in ease, the Prophet’s order ‘Eat of it and feed of it to others and store of it’ shall be applied; yet when people are in need, his (PBUH) instruction ‘Whoever has slaughtered a sacrifice should not keep anything of Its meat after three days’ shall be enforced.

It is of cardinal importance to know that the offering a sacrificial animal is fulfilled also through buying promissory notes, just as it is fulfilled by slaughtering. Undoubtedly, this is a way whereby Muslims’ maximum benefit is realized, especially those who are unable to distribute it in the best way. The system of promissory notes thus helps distributing the sacrificial animals to those who truly deserve it, which maximizes the benefit and the reward of the sacrifice. In addition, it helps giving out the shares to those who deserve it while keeping their dignity and honor. How wonderful it is if the rich gather between slaughtering and buying promissory notes- the first for the sake of spending lavishly on his family and relatives while the second is for meeting the need of the poor in these poverty-stricken areas.

In these days, the Muslim shall do more good deeds whose benefit is provided to all people; he should, for example, do much Sadaqa (charity) to make the poor and the needy happy. Allah, Most High, has urged us to spend money for His Sake, “O you who believe! Spend out of what We have given you before the day comes in which there is no bargaining, neither any friendship nor intercession, and the unbelievers– they are the unjust.” In this connection, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Sadaqah does not decrease property.”

We are in a dire need to maintain solidarity, affection and seriously considering the others in response to the Prophet’s instruction, “A Muslim is the brother of a fellow-Muslim. He should neither commit oppression upon him nor ruin him, and he who meets the need of a brother, Allah would meet big needs, and he who relieved a Muslim from hardship Allah would relieve him from the hardships to which he would be put on the Day of Resurrection, and he who did not expose (the follies of a Muslim) Allah would conceal his follies on the Day of Resurrection.” He (PBUH) also says, “Every Muslim has to give in charity.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Prophet! If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?” He said, “He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns).” The people further asked, “If he cannot find even that?” He replied, “He should help the needy “Then he should perform.”

O Allah, help me in remembering You, in giving You thanks, and worshipping You well!

Public Wellbeing from the Perspective of the Islamic Shari’ah

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Help one another to do what is right and good; do not help one another towards sin and hostility.’” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

When contemplating the rulings of the Shari’ah, one finds that the Shari’ah came to achieve the public interests of nations and individuals, elevate human soul, and raise it to a higher degree. Thus, everything that achieves the public welfare of people is in accordance with the Shari’ah, even if it not stated explicitly in its texts. Also, everything that contradicts these interests has no foundations in the noble Shari’ah.

The pure religion of Islam does not acknowledge individuality, selfishness or negativity, and does not accept the preference of individual interest over the public one. Islam acknowledges only the public wellbeing, sincere giving, cooperation in the cause of righteousness, piety based on love and selflessness, so that the society can achieve the desired advancement and praiseworthy solidarity. In this way, one’s work will be for the sake of the public interest of the whole society, which in turn, achieves the wellbeing of the individual and the group as a whole. This fosters, among all citezens, the feeling of one body that is, one of its limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever. May Allah have mercy with Poet Shawqi who said:

A land whose young men died to grant it life

They sacrificed themselves to make their people survive

No doubt that when reviewing the Book of Allah, one becomes fully certain that the general and universal purpose of the rulings of the Shari’ah is to achieve people’s public welfare, and to protect them against harm and evil. The Glorious Qur’an asserts that preserving interests and achieving the public good is the approach of the Messengers and Prophets. The Almighty Allah has sent not a Prophet or a Messenger except to bring happiness to his people without asking them for any reward or a worldly benefit. The Almighty Allah tells us what Prophet Noah (PBUH) said to his people “And my people, I do not ask you for money, my reward is with Allah.” Also, Prophet Hud said, “I ask no reward from you, my people; my reward comes only from Him who created me. Why do you not use your reason?” And Prophet Abraham,  Khalilullah (a title which implies that he is very close to his Lord), invoked his Lord with a prayer that shows his keenness to benefit his people saying, “Abraham said, ‘My Lord, make this land secure and provide with fruits those of its people who believe in God and the Last Day.’ It is known that the meaning of the word “this land” is its people. When a place is secure and its people have their provision and livelihood, they will worship Allah safely and peacefully, with assured and calm hearts that seek to please Allah Who said, “It was He who brought you into being from the earth and made you inhabit it, so ask forgiveness from Him, and turn back to Him: my Lord is near, and ready to answer.’”

The Islamic Shari’ah came to raise this human value and reformative principle, and to establish the rules for maintaining the stability of society and striving for its advancement and progress by giving preferrnce to the interest of the group over the interest of the individual. The lives of the Companions are rich with examples that prove this.

It is reported that Aisha said, “Had we wished to eat to our full, we would have done so, but Muhamad (PBUH) used to prefer others to himself.” Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri narrated, “Once we were on a journey with Messenger of Allah (PBUH) when a rider came and began looking right and left. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Whoever has an extra mount should offer it to him who is without it, and whoever has surplus food should give it to him who has nothing;’ and the Prophet continued mentioning other properties until we thought that none of us had any right to surplus of his own property.

According to the two Sahihs of Al-Bukhari and Muslim, Aisha said, “A poor woman came to me carrying her two daughters. I gave her three date-fruits. She gave a date to each of them and then she took up one date-fruit and brought that to her mouth to eat, but her daughters asked her that also. She then divided between them the date-fruit that she intended to eat. This (kind) treatment of her impressed me and I mentioned that to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) who said, ‘Verily, Allah has assured Paradise for her, because of (this act) of her’” or said, “He, the Almighty, has rescued her from Hell- Fire.”

During a year of drought, workers of Uthman Ibn Affan came from Syria, bringing him one thousand camels laden with wheat – or other food. The merchants came to Uthman who asked them, ‘What do you want?’They said; ‘people are suffering great hardship, so sell the food you received.’ Uthman said, “How much profit you will give me?’ The merchants said, ‘We offer you the double of what you have paid.’ Uthman said, “I have been offered a better price.’ The merchants said, “we offer you three times, then four, then five’, and Uthman refused too. The merchants said, “O Abu Amr, there are no merchants in Medina other than us. Who has given you a better offer?” He replied, “Allah, the Most Exalted, has given me a better offer, ten for every dirham. Can you offer me more?” They said, “No, by Allah.” Uthman said, “I call upon Allah to bear witness that I am giving this food as charity for the poor Muslims.”

Also, when the Prophet (PBUH) asked the companions to buy the well of Rumah that was possessed with a Jew who wanted to sell it for a high price, he (PBUH) said to the companions, ” “Who will buy the well of Rumah and dip his bucket in it alongside the buckets of the Muslims?” ‘Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) then went to the Jew and negotiated with him; yet the latter refused to sell the entire well, which is why he bought its half for twelve thousands dirhams, and he made it under the free disposal of Muslims. The selling contract decrees that the well’s ownership will be divided between ‘Uthman and the Jew. So, when it was the day of ‘Uthman, Muslims used to take from the water what sufficed them for two days. When the Jews saw that, he said, “You have made the well of no avail for me,” which is why ‘Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) bought the second half for eight thousand dirhams. ‘Uthman’s action comes in response to the Prophet’s order that aims at realizing the interests of Muslims.

During the era of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him), it happened that Al-Masjid Al-Haram (i.e. the Sacred Mosques) was not spacious enough to receive people, which is why he (may Allah be pleased with him) forced the owner of those houses in the proximity of the Masjid to sell them, and said to them, “You are the ones who came and settled around the Ka’ba, not vice versa.”

The same thing was also done by ‘Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him), yet people objected to him, which is why he said to them, “What dared you stand against me is my forbearance; otherwise, ‘Umar himself did so, yet none dare to oppose him.” Then, he (may Allah be pleased with him) ordered that they should be imprisoned. This clearly indicates that it is lawful to dispossess one’s individual ownership for the sake of the public interest, like widening roads and graves and establishing mosques, fortresses, and public organizations, such as hospitals, schools, rehabilitation centers, etc., because public interest is given precedence to the private one.

In this connection, we affirm that the true understanding of Islam necessitates that the forms and shapes of public interest shall take into account people’s reality. They should also consider the arrangement of the society’s urgent needs and necessities according to their top priority; that is to say that if the society is in dire and urgent need to build hospitals to provide treatment for the poor and care about them, then this should be given priority to any other form of public interest. Yet, in case the society is in dire need to build hospitals schools and institutes, to maintain them and to spend on students, then priority should be directed to that; otherwise it should be given to facilitating marriage of those who do not have its costs or to pay the debts of those indebted in case they top the agenda of the society’s needs.

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you.

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon the seal of all the Prophets and Messengers; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his family and his companions.

Muslim brothers,

Even when it has to do with good deeds, Islam has seriously considered the arrangement of priorities, to the extent that it instructs that public interest should be given precedence to the private or the personal one as far as preference among them is shown. That is because public interest’s benefit will cover the entire society, whereas that of the private interest does not exceed him to others. For example, if man, who works for a particular institution, spends his entire night offering prayers, then he went to work in the morning so tired that he was unable to fulfill the needs of his work and the interests of the institution are thus waned, he is considered a person who does not keep the trust and unlawfully receives his salary. That is because he, by doing so, has given precedence to the recommended acts of worship over the obligatory ones, which is unequivocally misunderstanding of the objectives of the religion. Amazingly enough, when Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) was in his agony, he advised ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) saying, “Know that there are acts of worships dedicated for night, so they would not be accepted if performed in the day; that there are other acts that should be offered in the day, thus will not be accepted if done in the night; and that Allah will not accept the recommended acts of worship until the obligatory ones are done.”

The true understanding of the Religion of Allah (Most High), which goes in hand in hand with the reality of our time and considers people’s affairs requires that understanding should not be restricted to knowing some Fiqhi issues relevant to rulings by kind of memorization, without delving into the true understanding, or the ultimate objectives, or the priorities, or the reality or the already available procedures.

Drawing on this understanding of the objectives of this Purified Religion and in terms of the importance of arranging the priorities, we emphasize that fulfilling people’s needs should be given precedence to the repetition of pilgrimage and ‘Umrah, because alleviating hardship from a poverty-stricken person, giving out charity to the poor and meeting his needs, paying the debt of a prisoner to set him free are all collective duties; it is taken for granted that observance of collective duties are to be given priority to all recommended acts of worship including the repetition of pilgrimage and ‘Umrah.

We are actually in a dire need to correctly understand our religion and to be fully aware of our reality in a way that makes us realize the danger of risks around us, and that enables us to sincerely give precedence to the public interest over the personal one in fulfillment of the instructions of the Purified Religion and hoping for the realization of the progress and advancement of our country.


Hypocrisy and Betrayal And their Danger to Individuals and Countries

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “The hypocrites, both men and women, are all the same: they order what is wrong and forbid what is right; they are tight-fisted. They have ignored Allah, so He has ignored them. The hypocrites are the disobedient ones.’” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that our Master Prophet Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger; who said, “There are three signs of a hypocrite:  When he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is trusted, he betrays his trust.” May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

There is no doubt that hypocrisy is a serious disease and a fatal problem that threatens individuals and nations. It is one of most serious inner diseases that destroys one’s faith and destroys its foundations. It is a serious social and moral scourge that threatens security, safety and stability of the society. Therfore, its danger is greater than the danger of disbelief and shirk, because it spreads, in one nation, it will dismantle it and shatter its unity.

In addition, the weapon of treason is a critical danger that threatens countires and their existence as seen throughout history. Nations that have been destroyed, torn or even disappeared have experienced this because of inner elements of traitors and agents who sold their nations. The dangers that threaten countries from inside are far greater and more serious than those from outside.

We should know, however, that hypocrisy is of two types: major and minor. The first is the major hypocrisy, which is the more dangerous. It is the hypocrisy in belief that is to show Islam and hide disbelief. A holder of this form of hypocrisy will be an eternal dweller in the Hellfire, and even will be in the lowest degree in it. The second type is the minor hypocrisy. This is the practical hypocrisy, which means the devition from good manners. It means to show righteousness and hide otherwise. This type does not bring one out of Islam in total. However, it is a path to the major  hypocrisy, if its holder does not stop it.

The Glorious Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah tell us about hypocrites and their descriptions, morals and intrigues. These matters have never changed over time, and nations. Among the most important signs of the hypocrites are:

          * Lying, breaking one’s promise, dishonesty, and being abusive in enmity. These are among the most henious qualities of hypocrites as described by the Prophet (PBUH) and they are practical manifestations of hypocrisy. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Four are the qualities which, when found in a person, make him a sheer hypocrite, and one who possesses one of them, possesses one characteristic of hypocrisy until he abandons it.  These are: When he is entrusted with something, he betrays trust; when he speaks, he lies; when he promises, he acts treacherously; and when he argues, he behaves in a very imprudent, insulting manner.”  Whoever meets these qualities, or one of them, becomes a hypocrite, and these qualities negatively affect the interests of the nation and destroy it.

It is often that we see hypocrites tell lies to decieve others, as Allah said, “There is [a kind of] man whose views on the life of this world may please you [Prophet], he even calls on God to witness what is in his heart, yet he is the bitterest of opponents.” When the Qur’an speaks about hypocrisy, deception, and dishonesty, it mentions this in connection with lying. Allah says, “They seek to deceive God and the believers but they only deceive themselves, though they do not realize it. There is a disease in their hearts, to which God has added more: agonizing torment awaits them for their persistent lying.” The Prophet (PBUH) has warned us againt lying, showing its consequences saying, “Be aware frim lying. Lying leads to transgression and transgression leads to the Hell-fire. A man continues to tell lies till he is recorded with Allah as a great liar.”  The Messenger of Allah once was asked, “Can a believer be a coward?” He said, “Yes.” He was asked, “Can he be a miser?” He said, “Yes.” He was asked, “Can he be a liar?” He said, “No.” Abu Bakr al-Siddiq described the lie as treason, saying: “Truthfulness is honesty and lying is dishonesty….)

In addition, betrayal and treason severe the bonds of love, incite hatred and leads to conflict, discord and corruption in dealings. The Prophet (PBUH) showed that treachery will incur regret on the Day of Judgment saying, “For every betrayer, a flag will be raised on the Day of Resurrection, and it will be announced (publicly) ‘This is the betrayal of so-and-so, the son of so-and-so.” He (PBUH) also said, “I will contend on the Day of Resurrection against three (types of) people: one who makes a covenant in My Name and then breaks it; one who sells a free man as a slave and devours his price; and one who hires a workman and having taken full work from him, does not pay him his wages.”

One of the most dangerous types of betrayal is to betray one’s homeland for a cheap price, as the case of radical groups and their followers.

Among the attributes that Islam has warned us from are: Abusiveness in enimitty. This is the source of every evilness, and the cause of deviation from the truth. Such a person who is abusive in his enitmy will trun the truth into falsehood and vise versa. Allah says, “There is [a kind of] man whose views on the life of this world may please you [Prophet], he even calls on God to witness what is in his heart, yet he is the bitterest of opponents.” The Prophet (PBUH)  said: “The most hated person in the sight of Allah is the most quarrelsome person.”

The most accurate description of the people of hypocrisy is that they are double -faced people. Even in our time we can say they are multiple-faced people. they are the most ficious persons. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “You will find the worst among the people a double-faced person who appears to some people with one face and to others with another face.”

* Among the signs of hypocrisy is: Corruption in the land while claiming reformation: The Almighty Allah says, “When it is said to them, ‘Do not cause corruption in the land,’ they say, ‘We are only putting things right,’ but really they are causing corruption, though they do not realize it.” Corruption has many forms: To spread fear in land, to implant weakness in the hearts of the honest believers, to promote deviant ideas, misconceptions, and to spread sedition among people. The Almighty Allah says, “They would only have given you trouble if they had gone out [to battle] with you: they would have scurried around, trying to sow discord among you, and some of you would willingly have listened to them- God knows exactly who does evil.”  He, The Most High, also says, “They said to one another, ‘Do not go [to war] in this heat.’ Say, ‘Hellfire is hotter.’ If only they understood!”   and says, “God knows exactly who among you hinder others, who [secretly] say to their brothers, ‘Come and join us,’ who hardly ever come out to fight.”

The list of corruption also includes deprivation of people from their due and degrading them. Allah, the Almighty, says: “And do not deprive people of their due and do not commit abuse on earth, spreading corruption.” It also includes destruction, vandalism, killing the innocent, terrifying the safe and the secure, delaying the fulfillment of people’s needs, not shouldering the due responsibility, bribery, nepotism, and the unlawful consumption of people’s money.

Laziness in offering acts of worship; and if done, their observation is not sincerely for the sake of Allah but for showing off, especially in prayer, which is the most sublime act of worship. Allah, Most High, says: “Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. And when they stand for prayer, they stand lazily, showing [themselves to] the people and not remembering Allah except a little” and “And what prevents their expenditures from being accepted from them but that they have disbelieved in Allah and in His Messenger and that they come not to prayer except while they are lazy and that they do not spend except while they are unwilling.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also said, “No prayer is more burdensome to the hypocrites than the Fajr (dawn) prayer and the ‘Isha’ (night) prayer; and if they knew their merits, they would come to them even if they had to crawl to do so.” Jaber ibn ‘Abd Allah also narrated that he (PBUH) said: “O people! Beware of the hidden polytheism!” The companions replied, “O Messenger of Allah! What is the hidden polytheism?” He (PBUH) replied, “The man observes his prayer in the best way ever because people watch him.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you.


All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon the seal and last of all the Prophets and Messengers our master Muhammad (PBUH), his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

One of the signs of hypocrisy is to ally with the enemies, with the aim of causing harm to one’s religion and country. This may take place through espionage, treachery, transforming news and information and unveiling the secrets of the country. That is to say that the hypocrite is a person who allies with the enemies of his country, causing harm thereby to the interests of his family, neighbors and relatives. Allah, Most High, says, “So you see those in whose hearts is disease hastening into [association with] them, saying, “We are afraid a misfortune may strike us.” But perhaps Allah will bring conquest or a decision from Him, and they will become, over what they have been concealing within themselves, regretful”; He, the Almighty, also says, “And indeed, there is among you he who lingers behind; and if disaster strikes you, he says, “Allah has favored me in that I was not present with them.” (72) But if bounty comes to you from Allah, he will surely say, as if there had never been between you and him any affection. “Oh, I wish I had been with them so I could have attained a great attainment.”

The hypocrite feels happiness if any evil befalls the country or its citizens; or in case a trail afflicts them; or a disease spread among them; or if they are overtaken by a disaster. Allah, the Almighty, says: “If good touches you, it distresses them; but if harm strikes you, they rejoice at it. And if you are patient and fear Allah, their plot will not harm you at all. Indeed, Allah is encompassing of what they do.”

Yet, the new hypocrites have acquired new traits including lying, treachery, betrayal, breaking covenants and promises, stirring the public opinion, betraying religion, and the new kind of deception topped by the exploitation of religion to achieve the interests of those groups that want to exploit religion to reach positions of authority disguising in different forms of superficial and political religiousness, to the extent that they believe they are the only Muslims while others are not. They do so in order to provide legal coverage for their works. In addition to all of this, those new hypocrites are characterized with betraying the country, degrading it and selling it for a cheap price.

Allah, the Almighty, has promised to punish this kind of people, affirming that His Anger will befall them in His worldly life and the hereafter. Allah, the Almighty, says: “but the evil plot does not encompass except its own people.” He, Most High, even punished the greater hypocrisy with being hesitated, unstable and frightening. Allah, the Almighty, says: “Wavering between them, [belonging] neither to the believers nor to the disbelievers. And whoever Allah leaves astray – never will you find for him a way.” He, Glorified is He, also says: “they think that every shout is against them. They are the enemy, so beware of them. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded?” Not only that, but Allah has driven their hearts away from understanding His and His Messenger’s teachings, thus guidance will not penetrate into their hearts. He, the Almighty, says: “That is because they believed, and then they disbelieved; so their hearts were sealed over, and they do not understand.” As for their punishment in the hereafter, He, the Almighty, says: “And among those around you of the Bedouins are hypocrites, and [also] from the people of Madinah. They have become accustomed to hypocrisy. You, [O Muhammad], do not know them, [but] We know them. We will punish them twice [in this world]; then they will be returned to a great punishment.” The first punishment is thus in this life while the second will be in the grave. As for the greater one, it will be in the hereafter when He, Most High, will gather the hypocrites with other wrong-doers in the Hell-fire. He, the Almighty, says: “Indeed Allah will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers in Hell all together.” He, the Almighty, also says: “Indeed, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire – and never will you find for them a helper – (145) Except for those who repent, correct themselves, hold fast to Allah, and are sincere in their religion for Allah, for those will be with the believers. And Allah is going to give the believers a great reward.”

For the sake of protecting the country, its being, cohesion and safety, the watchful eyes of its sincere sons should be alert. Also, the efforts of all the noble people should be promoted to eradicate the treacherous, the spies and those who convey secrets to the criminal enemies; they should be disgraced before all people, so that they would be an admonition for anyone who thinks of following the path of treachery and betrayal, to protect our religion, country, honors, souls and our and our children’s future, as well as to please Allah and protect our country from being afflicted with such atrocities that afflicted those countries that neglected facing the treacherous and spies thinking this is an easy matter while it is not as shown clearly in the countries’ history.