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The Jurisprudence of State-Building

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Help one another to do what is right and good; do not help one another towards sin and hostility.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

It goes without saying that all nations and peoples seek, with all their powers and resources, to build a strong and stable state in order to achieve their goals. State-building requires knowledge, experience and awareness of all conditions and challenges facing the state. There is a big difference between individuals or groups-related jurisprudence and the jurisprudence that seeks to build nations in thus rapidly shifting world that knows nothing but the voice of political, economic and cultural alliances and blocs, governed by international rules, laws and conventions that no sane person or a state can ignore them in light of the current reality.

A state means protection, security, trust, stability, order, and institutions. It means to have an intellectual, political, ecnomic and legislative structure. Without a state, there is noting but chaos.

Among the most important factors in state-building is: Strengthening the institutions of the national state, upholding laws and the constitution, and promoting justice. This requires respecting the laws and regulations of the state, for example, traffic rules that should not be violated in order to save people’s rights and avoid casuing harm or injury to others, or frightening them. The Almighty Allah says, “And cast not yourselves with your hands into perdition, and do well. Verily Allah loveth the well- doers.” Also, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “There should be no harm or reciprocal harm.”

Maintaining and respecting the order contributes to the building of a strong and stable state, because every society must have rules and laws that control the conduct of its members, and preserve human rights. Those members should perform their duties. Without respecting the order and upholding its rules and laws, no state can achieve stability and justice.

Respecting the laws is one of the most important factors in building the state, as the law is a protection for all citizens. No stability can be achieved without obey the rules. Thus, each one must bear his responsiblity to achieve the public welfare for the whole society. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Everyone of you is a guardian and everyone of you is responsible (for his wards). A ruler is a guardian and is responsible (for his subjects); a man is a guardian of his family and responsible (for them); a wife is a guardian of her husband’s house and she is responsible (for it),…” When the society shoulders its responsibility, it will be a coherent society, in which every one knows his duties and respects others. We are in a dire need to respect the law and abide by rules so that justice will prevail and the society will enjoy security, safety and stability. In this way, we will advance our country to the appropriate position among nations.

Also, the factors of nation-building include: Economic Buiding:  it is one of the most important pillars of the state. A strong economy enables countries to meet their domestic and international obligations, and provide a decent life for their citizens. When the economy weakens, poverty and disease spread, people’s life is disturbed, morals are corrupted, crimes increase. This is an opportunity for the enemies who are lurking to destabilize countries and create chaos within them. Whem a countrry is unable to produce its basic needs, it will be dependent on other nations for its stability and sovereignty.  

The strong economy of the state enables it to live with dignity and pride among nations. Therfore, Islam paid a great attention to saving money, because it is critical for life.

The economic building of a state requires the perfection of our work and the increase of our production. No nation or state can achieve progress except through work and excellence. Thus, it is not just work that we need, but the perfection of this work. The Almighty Allah encourages us to work saying, “Then when the prayer has ended, disperse in the land and seek out Allah’s bounty. Remember Allah often so that you may prosper.” He, the Most High, also said, “It is He who has made the earth manageable for you––travel its regions; eat His provision- and to Him you will be resurrected.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “No food is better to man than that which he earns through his manual work. David (PBUH), the Prophet of Allah, ate only out of his earnings from his manual work.” The Prophet (PBUH) also said, “He who spends night tired out of work, Allah will forgive him.”

To encourage people for production, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “If the Day of Judgment comes while you have a palm-cutting in your hands and it is possible to plant it before the Hour comes, you should plant it.” He also said, “No Muslim plants a plant or sows a crop, then a person, or a bird, or an animal eats from it, except that it will be charity for him.”

Also, the factors of nation-building include: Building cultural, religious, intellectual and scientific awareness. The absence or weakness of awareness cannot lead to the building of a strong and stable state. Therefore, awareness must increase among members of society, and each one of them must know his duties and rights.

This means the necessity of the formation of awareness of individuals and the whole nation through moral education, useful culture, and confronting ignorance. Thereofre, all state institutions must work together to build cultural, religious, intellectual, and scientific awareness which enables people to realize the greatness of the challenges to deal with. They will also confront rumors and refute them. The Almighty Allah says, “Believers, if a troublemaker brings you news, check it first, in case you wrong others unwittingly and later regret what you have done.”

We must remain cautious and aware, learn lessons from others, and benefit from life experiences. God says “O you who have believed, take your precaution” and our Prophet (PBUH) says, “A believer should not be stung twice from the same hole.” We should know that building and preserving our country is the shared responsibility of everyone of us, each according to their capacity and position. We meanwhile point out that building cannot be accomplished unless people with destructive attitude are encountered. As the poet puts it:

A construction will not rise tall … if you build and others destroy

Our Prophet (PBUH) says, “Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or is oppressed”. A man enquired: “O Messenger of Allah! I help him when he is oppressed, but how can I help him when he is an oppressor?” He said, “You can keep him from committing oppression. That will be your help to him.” Therefore, each one of us, within their responsibility, curb those who attempt do disrupt our unity or bring about harm to our country. Thus, a father should give advice to his son, the brother to his brother, and a friend to his friend. We should not be negative as to what is going on around us. The Prophet (PBUH) says, “”Do not let yourselves be ‘yes-men’, saying: ‘If the people are good then we will be good, and if they are wrong then we will be wrong. ‘Rather, make up your own minds, if the people are good then you are good, and if they are evil, then do not behave unjustly.” The Prophet also says, “”The likeness of the man who observes the limits prescribed by Allah and that of the man who transgresses them is like the people who get on board a ship after casting lots. Some of them are in its lower deck and some of them in its upper (deck). Those who are in its lower (deck), when they require water, go to the occupants of the upper deck, and say to them : ‘If we make a hole in the bottom of the ship, we shall not harm you.’ If they (the occupants of the upper deck) leave them to carry out their design they all will be drowned. But if they do not let them go ahead (with their plan), all of them will remain safe.”

It is not enough that a man be righteous on his own right, because the current state of affairs requires transformation from righteousness to reform. Allah says, “No good is there in much of their private conversation, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or conciliation between people. And whoever does that seeking means to the approval of Allah – then We are going to give him a great reward. Allah also says, “And your Lord would not have destroyed the cities unjustly while their people were reformers.” Reform was the attitude of Prophets and Messengers, and is an instrument for building nations and maintaining them coherent and united so that humanity can live in peace and serenity without dispute, discord, violence, terrorism nor corruption in land with homicide and destruction.

With that said, I ask Allah for forgiveness for me and for you! 

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that our Master Prophet Muhammed is His votary and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Family, Companions, and those who follow their path till the Day of Judgement.

Muslim Brothers,

The factors of building nations include social construction. Islam is keen on strengthening relations and fostering solidarity among the members of the society, while avoiding bringing about harm to others as our Prophet (PBUH) says, “No one of you becomes a true believer until he likes for his brother what he likes for himself.” He also says, “”By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer.” It was asked, “Who is that, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “One whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil”. The Prophet also said, ““He who passes the night with full stomach while knowing that his neighbor is hungry is not a true believer in me.”

Another aspect of social construction is family cohesion, for family is the cornerstone of the society, and is entrusted with protecting young people and fostering their brains and bodies. It is the family where the feelings of love, mercy and solidarity come together. With that said, it is to be kept in mind that a family has a responsibility towards its members. The Prophet said, “It is an enough sin for a person to lead astray those who are dependent on him.” Indeed, nothing is more destructive than letting your children fall prey to corrupt ideas and deviant groups without doing your duty of raising their awareness of the dangers and challenges around us. It is also a duty to keep reminding your sons of their duty towards their country and fostering its love in their hearts. In this context Shawky wrote some lines of poetry:

We shall protect our nation as long as we live,

We shall die in our homeland, Egypt, as we have lived.

Another factor of building nations is the promotion of good ethical and behavioral values. Nations are not built on fragile ethical foundations and cultures. Instead, these things can bring about destruction to nations. With good manners, a Muslim attains higher ranks and better reward.

The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The heaviest thing which will be put on the believer’s scale (on the Day of Resurrection) will be good morals and Allah hates the profligate and the obscene.”  When the Prophet was asked about the best thing by which a person can be admitted to Paradise, he said, “God-fearing and good manners.” Moreover, the Prophet (PBUH) made ethics a criterion for measuring the increase or decrease of faith. He said “The believers who show the most perfect Faith are those who have the best behavior.”

Indeed, good manners protect individuals form major sins and destructive speech. Allah says, “And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability.”

We ask Allah to guide us to the best manners, keep us safe and secure and protect Egypt and its people.

The Status of Martyrs and the Sacrifice for the Sake of Nation

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Do not say that those who are killed in Allah’s cause are dead; they are alive, though you do not realize it.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The Egyptian people  is celebrating these days the memory of one of the greatest occasions in his history, a blessed day from The Almighty Allah, on which Allah has granted Egypt a victory and the restoration of its land and dignity. It is the memory of the victories of the Sixth of October, 1973 and the tenth of Ramadan 1393 A.H. It is a great battle in which the Egyptian armed forces recorded the highest example of gallantry and sacrifice. This day has manifested the true nature of the Egyptian soldier who firmly believes in Allah and trusts the victory from Allah; a soldier who is determined and willful in his work to achieve his goal.

When one’s goals are sublime, his purposes are honorable, and his objectives are noble, then the sacrifices that one makes must be great. There is nothing to sacrifice better than one’s own soul to get martyrdom for the sakeof Allah and to defent one’s faith, land, and country.

The status of martyrdom is a divine grant and gift from the Almighty Allah which He grants to His most beloved creation after Prophets. The Almighty Allah says, “Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger will be among those He has blessed: the Messengers, the truthful, those who bear witness to the truth, and the righteous- what excellent companions these are!” So, when Allah makes someone a martyr, this means that this person is beloved to Allah; what a great status!  The Glorious Quran referred to this saying, “And He [Allah] takes from you martyrs”. A martyr is the one who sacrifices himself in order to please his Lord and defend his homeland; he prefers the Afterlife to this world and defeats his own desires and lusts, and fights for the sake of his religion and the nation.

Let the martyrs be happy for this blessed status. They win the deal as the Almighty Allah says: “Allah has purchased the persons and possessions of the believers in return for the Garden- they fight in Allah’s way: they kill and are killed- this is a true promise given by Him in the Torah, the Gospel, and the Quran.” How profitable this deal that leads tp Paradise! It is reported that Umm Ar-Rubaiy’i Bint Al-Bara’, who was the mother of Harithah Ibn Suraqah, came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said: “O Messenger of Allah! Will you not tell me about Harithah? (He was killed in the battle of Badr). If he is in Paradise I shall show endurance, but if he has met another fate, I may exert myself in weeping for him.” He (PBUH) replied, “O mother of Harithah, in the gardens of Paradise there are many ranks, and your son has attained Al-Firdaus, the highest.”

The true martyr is the one who is devoted to Allah and who sacrifices his soul to uphold the word of Allah and to defend his land and nation. Abu Musa narrated that man came to the Prophet (PBUH) and asked, “A man fights for war booty; another fights for fame and a third fights for showing off; which of them fights in Allah’s Cause?” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who fights that Allah’s Word (i.e. Islam) should be superior is the one fighting in Allah’s Cause.”

Also, the true martyr is the one who does not accept any disgrace, rejects humiliation, and resists anyone who tries to attack his properties. Abu Hurairah narrated that a man came to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and said, “O Messenger of Allah, what do you think if a man comes to me in order to appropriate my possession? He (PBUH) said: Do not surrender your possession to him. The inquirer said: If he fights me? He (the Prophet) remarked: Then fight (with him). He (the inquirer) again said: What do you think if I am killed? The Prophet observed: You would be a martyr.  The inquirer said: What do you think of him if I kill him? The Prophet said: he would be in the Fire.”

Also, the true martyr is:  He is the one who defends his land, his honor and his country. Defending one’s homeland and honor in the sight of the true Muslim is equal o defending one’s soul and property. Saeed Ibn Zayd said: the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “He who dies while defending his property is a martyr; he who dies in defence of his family is a martyr; and he who dies on defense of his faith is a martyr.”

Consequently, the meaning of martyrdom is associated with the sacrifice of one’s self for the sake of Allah in every situation in which it is necessary to defend the religion to uphold the word of the Almighty Allah, or to defend homeland against any aggression.  Loving one’s homeland is a part of faith. Happiness be to the martyrs of the eternal epic of passing of the Canal who sacrificed their blood to to save the land of Egypt, please Allah and to win His reward which He promised them. We ask the Almighty Allah to make us martyrs.

Martyrdom for the Sake of Allah has many fruits including that:  Allah told us that martyrs are alive in the Paradise saying: “[Prophet], do not think of those who have been killed in Allah’s way as dead. They are alive with their Lord, well provided for, happy with what Allah has given them of His favour; rejoicing that for those they have left behind who have yet to join them there is no fear, nor will they grieve; [rejoicing] in Allah’s blessing and favour, and that God will not let the reward of the believers be lost.”

Yes, they are alive, not dead; they are being supplied with provision from Allah, Most High; so they are always happy with the provision given to them from their Lord, and also feel happy with their brothers that will join them because they will face no sadness or grief; rather, great bounty and blessing from Allah.

Jaber Ibn ‘Abd Allah narrated, “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) met me and said to me: ‘O Jabir! Why do I see you upset?’ I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! My father was martyred (on the Day of Uhud) leaving my family and debt behind.'” “He (PBUH) said: ‘Shall I give you news of what your father met Allah with?'” He said: “But of course O Messenger of Allah!” He said: ‘Allah does not speak to anyone except from behind a veil, but He brought your father to speak to Him directly. He said: “[O My slave!] Do you wish that I give you anything?” He said: ‘O Lord! Give me life so that I may fight for You a second time.’ So the Lord [Blessed and Most High] said: ‘It has been decreed by Me that they shall not return (21:95).’ He said: “So this Ayah was revealed: Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah (3:169).”

The list of the martyrs’ ranks includes the following six traits recorded in the Hadith of Al-Meqdam ibn Ma‘ad Yakrib (Allah be pleased with him) who said, “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, ‘The martyr has six things (in store) with Allah: He is forgiven from the first drop of his blood that is shed; he is shown his place in Paradise; he is spared the torment of the grave; he is kept safe from the Great Fright; he is adorned with a garment of faith; he is married to (wives) from among the wide-eyed houris; and he is permitted to intercede for seventy of his relatives.”

Also, of the different kinds of dignity prepared for the martyrs is that the angels cover them with their wings. In this regard, Jaber ibn ‘Abd Allah narrated, “My father’s mutilated body was brought to the Prophet (PBUH) and was placed in front of him, I went to uncover his face but my companions forbade me. Then mourning cries of a lady were heard, and it was said that she was either the daughter or the sister of `Amr. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Why is she crying?” Or said, “Do not cry, for the angels are still shading him with their wings.”

The list further includes that the martyr will be among the first group ever to be admitted into the Paradise without being held for accountability or being punished. ‘Amr Ibn Al-‘As (Allah be pleased with him) said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, ‘On the Day of Judgment, Allah will order the Paradise to come with all its adornment and beauty, and will ten say, ‘Where are My slave who have been fought in my Cause, killed in My Cause, hurt in My Cause and striven in My Cause? Go to the Paradise, so they will be admitted into it with no accountability or punishment. The angels will then come and say, “O our Lord! We praise You day and night and glorify You; who are those whom You gave them precedence to us? Allah then replies, ‘Those are the ones who have been fought and hurt in My Cause, thus the angels will enter upon them from all the doors of the Paradise “”Peace be upon you for what you patiently endured. And excellent is the final home.”

The list also includes that the martyrs will have the best houses ever in the Paradise. Samurat Ibn Jundub (Allah be pleased with him) said, “The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Last night two men came to me (in a dream) and made me ascend a tree and then admitted me into a better and superior house, better of which I have never seen. One of them said, ‘This house is the house of martyrs.”

For all of this, only martyrs are the ones who want to come back to life to be killed in the Cause of Allah again. Anas (Allah be pleased with him) narrated, “The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Nobody who enters Paradise likes to go back to the world even if he got everything on the earth, except a Mujahid who wishes to return to the world so that he may be martyred ten times because of the dignity he receives (from Allah).”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be him, his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

Attainment of major goal and ultimate objectives in this life requires big sacrifices in return. Undauntedly, the more the goals and objectives are sublime, the more the sacrifices shall be rewarded in the best way ever, which is the case of he who sacrifices for his religion and home.

Our duty towards out beloved country and pure religion requires that we should exert our utmost, to cooperate with each other and to support each other to maintain its security, defend it and protect it from any enemy awaiting for causing harm to it; that we should be very watchful to deter he who even thinks of attacking our country; each according to his ability and in the frame of his work and duties.

How lucky we are to have those heroic soldiers who firmly fastened to the Rope of Allah, kept the promise they made to Him, Most High, and could take our beloved country- Egypt- towards construction and building. I therefore extend my sincere greetings to our brave Armed Forces on the Day of Glorious Victory.

We, on our part, have another role to play, that is, to take Egypt to the safe side of development, welfare, work and production to tell the entire world that those who demolished the Bar Lev Line and the enemies’ barrack on that Glorious Day have left behind their sons who are fully able to overcome all difficulties to maintain security, safety, development and welfare by the Permission of Allah. In this regard, we must unite behind our wise political leadership, our brave Armed Forces, our national police and all the establishments of the national country.

O Allah! Keep Egypt and its people safe! Make it in permanent peace and security!

The Danger of Rumors and Falsifying Awareness

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Believers, be mindful of Allah, speak in a direct fashion and to good purpose, and He will put your deeds right for you and forgive you your sins. Whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger will truly achieve a great triumph.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The conflict between truth and falsehood is as old as the history of humanity, and it will continue until the Day of Judgment. One of the most prominent means of the people of falsehood in their struggle against the people of truth is starting rumors and spreading them among people.

It goes without saying that one’s word, whether written or spoken, is a great responsibility. Rumors are just some words fueled by an ill-hearted person, body or organization from among the evil forces that operate secretly, and then some people transmit them without verification or evidence. These rumors negatively affect minds and souls, spread destructive ideas and corrupt beliefs, make the society experiencing chaos and suspicion, Moreover, people loses trust and the community starts to accuse each other with treachery. This is why the Prophet (PBUH) said, “It is enough falsehood for a man to relate everything he hears.” Thus, if it is a sin to relate every thing you hear, as this incurs punishment in the Hereafter, then what would be the case of a person who relates something he never heard?

Islam has adopted a firm stand against rumors and their makers, considering this action as a bad behavior that goes against the the noble values endorsed by the Islamic law. Islam did so by ordering its followers to stop talking about any matter that may spread sedition or provoke disturbances in society. Islam also orders its followers to be truthful and to ascearrtin the authneticity of any news they hear, lest they may distort the honor of people or cause corruption in the society. The Almighty Allah said, “O you who beleive! Fear Allah and be among the Truthful” He, the Most High, also said, “One does not utter a single word without an ever-present watcher,” and said, “Do not follow blindly what you do not know to be true: ears, eyes, and heart, you will be questioned about all these.”  In the Hadith reported by Mu’adh, after te Prophet (PBUH) showed to Mu’adh the pillars of Islam, he said, “Shall I not inform you of the head of the matter, its pillar and its peak?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He (PBUH) said, “The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer and its peak is jihad.” Then he (PBUH) said, “Shall I not tell you of the foundation of all of that?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” So he took hold of his tongue and said, “Restrain this.” I said, “O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say with it?” He (PBUH) said, “May your mother be bereaved of you, O Muadh! Is there anything that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces — or: on their noses — except the harvests of their tongues?”

Spreading rumors is the behavior of hypocrites to reach their goals and objectives in destabilizing security, weaking the unity of the country, destroying its economy, and instilling frustration, despair and pessimism in the hearts of citizens in general and youth in particular. The Holy Quran has criticized such persons as the Almighty Allah said, “If the hypocrites, the sick at heart, and those who spread lies in the city do not desist, We shall rouse you [Prophet] against them, and then they will only be your neighbours in this city for a short while.”

A Rumor was one of the means of war used against the Prophet (PBUH)  by the Polytheists who used to spread rumors to attack his mission and defame his image. Sometimes they said that the Prophet was a sorcerer as the Qur’an reported, “They say, ‘He is just a lying sorcerer’.” Another time they falsely claimed that he was a mad person, as the Qur’an reported, “And said, ‘Are we to forsake our gods for a mad poet?” And sometimes they said he was a soothsayer. So, the Qur’an refuted their claims saying, “This [Quran] is the speech of an honoured Messenger, not the words of a poet- how little you believe!- nor the words of a soothsayer- how little you reflect! This [Quran] is a message sent down from the Lord of the Worlds.”

In the Battle of Uhud, the polytheists claimed that the Prophet was killed, in order to divide Muslims and weaken them. As a result, Muslims were shaken and troubled, and some of them fled while some others left their weapons, though some of them stood beside the Prophet (PBUH).

Also, in the Battle of Hamra Al-Asad, the polytheists spread a rumor that Quraysh had prepared a large army to attack Medina to fight the Prophet (PBUH). Muslims, on the contrary, stood firm against these rumor, So the Almighty Allah praised them saying, “Those whose faith only increased when people said, ‘Fear your enemy: they have amassed a great army against you,’ and who replied, ‘Allah is enough for us: He is the best Protector,’ They returned with grace and bounty from Allah; no harm befell them. They pursued Allah’s good pleasure. Allah’s favour is great indeed.”

Also, in the Battle of Hunayn, when the disbelievers spread a rumor that the Prophet (PBUH) was killed, he himself refuted this by proclaiming “I am the Prophet (PBUH) undoubtedly; I am the son of `Abdul Muttalib.”

No doubt that spreading rumors is very dangerous as it may lead to killing people and causing disorders. A good example here to quote is the story of the killoing of Caliph Uthman Ibn Affan.  The criminals surrounded his house because of the rumors spread by the Jewish Abdullah Ibn Sabaa. They even prevented him from drinking water from a well that he had bought himself.  Naela, Othman’s wife, said: on the day before Othman’s killed, he was fasting. When it was the time of breaking fasting, he asked them for fresh water but they refused to give it to him, so he did not break his fasting. When it was the time of Suhur, some neighbors brought us water, and I gave it to him, but he said he would fast the next day. He added, “I saw the Prophet (PBUH) with fresh water, so they gave me a cup of water, and said, “Drink”, so I drank till I quenched my thirsty. Then the Prophet said, “People will outnumber you. If you fight them, you will win. And if you stopped fighting, you would have your breakfast with us.” Then, the criminals entered on that day and killed him).

In our time, conditions have changed. This malicious conduct has taken different forms and multiple forms due to the world’s rapid development in the means of communication and technology. Spreading rumors became easier, more widespread and more influential. Rumors even became a means of wars which are no longer of one dimension, i.e. it is no longer a pure military, security, or even intelligence encounter in the traditional concept of the old intelligence systems. Methods of warfare have evolved in terms of the method of using the weapon of rumors and falsifying awareness. These matter are now a subject of training by some evil parties. They employ electronic groups, use the means of political, economic and psychological pressure, attempt to provoke peoples against their rulers, distort the images of symbols and national gains, and underestimate all achievements. Terrorist groups ally with each other to penetrate institutions, and provoke divisions with a deliberate and unprecedented mechanism, along with the deliberate recruitment of information and the recruitment of some modern means of communication. They employ the tone of people’s needs and immediate interests that some people may not be able to live without. Moreover, they work to undermine people’s will, defame rulers, and shed doubts on national scholars, intellectuals and thinkers, support enemies, and send threatening messages for those who adhere to their principles loyalty to their nation.

There is no doubt that standing firm in the face of all these attempts requires a solid faith and patriotism, and unlimited confidence in Allah. Many people may underestimate the seriousness of sharing some news, statistics, or stories without verifying their authenticity. By doing so, a person may be participating in spreading seditions. An untrue word may be the cause of punishment on the Day of Judgment. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “A man utters a word pleasing to Allah without considering it of any significance for which Allah exalts his ranks (in Jannah); another one speaks a word displeasing to Allah without considering it of any importance, and for this reason he will sink down into Hell.”  (Recorded by Al-Bukhari). 

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

 All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be him, his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

Islam has stated a wise approach to protect society from rumors. The most important features of this approach are:

* The necessity to ascertain the authenticity of any news. Allah said, “Believers, if a troublemaker brings you news, check it first, in case you wrong others unwittingly and later regret what you have done.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Deliberation comes from Allah and Haste comes from Satan.” In another Hadith he (PBUH) said, “Deliberation should be in everything except in the actions of the next world.”

 * The avoidance of narrating rumors via any means of audio, video or text communication, as this leads to spreading them. Allah said, “That you took it up with your tongues, and say with your mouths things you did not know [to be true], thinking it was trivial, but to God, it was very serious.” and The Prophet said, “He who believes in Allah and the Last Day let him not harm his neighbour; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day let him show hospitality to his guest; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day let him speak good or remain silent.”  

 * Strengthening cohesion between the citizens of one nation and the necessity to think well of people, and to avoid accusing others. The Almighty Allah says, “When you heard the lie, why did believing men and women not think well of their own people and declare, ‘This is obviously a lie’?”  A Muslim is commanded to think well of other people and to understand their actions as good actions. Thinking bad of others is a deadly disease that leads to the disruption of life, spreading hate. This is why the Prophet (PBUH) warned against it. He (PBUH) said, “Beware of suspicion, for it is the worst of false tales and don’t look for the other’s faults and don’t spy and don’t hate each other, and don’t desert (cut your relations with) one another O Allah’s slaves, be brothers!”

* Seeking the help of specialists to identify facts, and avoiding rush judgments. The Almighty Allah said describing hypocrites, “Whenever news of any matter comes to them, whether concerning peace or war, they spread it about; if they referred it to the Messenger and those in authority among them, those seeking its meaning would have found it out from them. If it were not for Allah’s bounty and mercy towards you, you would almost all have followed Satan.” That is they work secretly to undermine the security and stability of Medina. If they heard any news about the security of Muslims, they used to spread them with the intention of spreading panic, anxiety and confusion.

So, let every believer who is loyal to his country encounter these rumors, and refute them. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who defends the honour of his (Muslim) brother, Allah will secure his face against the Fire on the Day of Resurrection.” We should know that one’s word is a responsibility that he will be held accountable for on the Day of Resurrection. .

Let us all realize that our enemies have taken the wars of the fourth and fifth generation, the war of rumors and the distorting national achievements and symbols, as a way to defeat our counties, weaken them, or divide them, to achieve their purposes and objectives. We have to realize that we are facing a fierce war that take rumors as a fuel. So, we have to ascertain the authenticity of any news we hear. We have to trust ourselves, our armed forces and police. We should not listen to the enemies of our nation, or those who work to harm us, undermine our morale, or think to frustrate us and instill a spirit of despair among us. This requires us to immune our youth and our society with true awareness and understand the magnitude of the challenges facing us. In addition, we have to contribute to solving these challenges.  

We Ask Allah to our perfect our morals and save Egypt, and guide us to whatever He Loves and accepts.

O Allah, save Egypt and its people from every evil and bad matter!

Manifestations of Arrogance,Haughtiness and Drivingothers Away from the Religion of Allah

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “I will keep distracted from My signs those who behave arrogantly on Earth without any right, and who, even if they see every sign, will not believe in them; they will not take the way of right guidance if they see it, but will take the way of error if they see that. This is because they denied Our signs and paid them no heed.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The consequences of arrogance are dreadful in this life or in the Hereafter, whether those arrogant are individuals or nations. The fall of the arrogant and haughty nations is a repeated story in the history of human beings, and it will not change.TheAlmighty Allah said, “The people of ‘Ad behaved arrogantly throughout the land without any right, saying, ‘Who could be stronger than us?’ Did they not realize that Allah, Who created them, was stronger than them?’ They continued to reject Our message. So We let a roaring wind loose on them for a few disastrous days to make them taste the punishment of shame in this world; more shameful still will be the punishment of the life to come, and they will not be helped.” Also, Allah said, “Many a town that insolently opposed the command of its Lord and His messengers We have brought sternly to account: We punished them severely.”

Arrogance is the first sin to be committed against the commands of Allah, The Exalted. When the Almighty Allah orderedthe Angels to bow down before Adam, they obeyed Him except the Satan. Allah says, “When We told the angels, ‘Bow down before Adam,’ they all bowed. But not Iblis, who refused and was arrogant: he was one of the disobedient.”

Arrogant peopleare identifiedthrough their evil traits in the Hereafter as they used to be known for these traits inthis life. The Almighty Allah says, “And the people of the heights will call out to certain men they recognize by their marks, ‘What use were your great numbers and your false pride?” This is why Islam has warned against the evil consequence of arrogance, making ita gate to miss the Mercy of Allah, and put a severe punishment for the arrogant people saying. “The gates of Heaven will not be open to those who rejected Our revelations and arrogantly spurned them; even if a thick rope were to pass through the eye of a needle they would not enterParadise. This is how We punish the guilty,” and said, “On the Day of Resurrection, you [Prophet] will see those who told lies against Allah, their faces darkened. Is there not ample punishment for the arrogant in Hell?” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Paradise and Hell-fire disputed together, and Hell-fire said: In me are the mighty and the haughty. Paradise said: In me are the weak and the poor. So Allah judged between them, [saying]: You are Paradise, My mercy; through you I show mercy to those I wish. And you are Hell-fire, My punishment; through you I punish those I wish, and it is incumbent upon Me that each of you shall have its fill” in another Hadith, the Prophet(PBUH) said, “May I not inform you about the inmates of Hell-Fire? They are …the haughty.”

Arrogance is a trait of the hearts. That is, a person may be poor but arrogant at thesame time. Another one may be rich but humble and modest. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of haughtiness shall not enter Paradise. A man inquired: ‘What about that a person who likes to have a fine dress and fine shoes?’The Prophet replied, ‘Allah is Beautiful and likes beauty. Arrogance is to disclaim truth out of self-esteem, and despise people’” Arrogance is one of the most destructive social and psychologicaldiseases that destroy one’s personality and the society as a whole. An arrogant person have an over self-esteem and considers himself superior to others. Allah says, “There is nothing in their hearts but a thirst for a greatness they will never attain.”

Although arrogance is a trait of the heart, it has manifestations that appear in one’s conduct. These Traits include:committing sins out of haughtiness and the refusal to submit to the truth. The Almighty Allah said, “When he is told, ‘Beware of Allah,’ his arrogance leads him to sin” Thus, the arrogant, is driven by his pride and haughtiness to rejectsubmission to truth. Moreover, when others call him to the truth, he becomes more stubborn and arrogant.Thisis why Allah said about such people, “Hell is enough for him: a dreadful resting place.” There aresome people who act as arrogant against obeying the orders of the Prophet (PBUH), as Salamah Ibn Al-Akwa’ narrated on the authority of his father that a man ate with his left hand in the presence of Prophet (PBUH), whereupon the Prophet said, “Eat with your right hand.” The man said: “I cannot do that.” Thereupon the Prophet (PBUH) said, “May you not be able to do that.” It was vanity that prevented him from doing it and he could not raise it (the right hand) up to his mouth afterwards.”

These traitsalso include: turning one’s face from people out of pride. This indicates despising others. Allah prohibited this action as Luqman said to his son, “Do not turn your nose up at people, nor walk in land arrogantly, for Allah does not love arrogant or boastful people.” These traits also include:walking with haughtiness. The Almighty Allah said, “Do not strut arrogantly about the earth: you cannot break it open, nor match the mountains in height. The evil of all these actions is hateful to your Lord.”

These traits also include: Boasting with one’s properties which are blessings from Allah. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “A man among those before you went out arrogantly with his clothes. So Allah ordered the earth to take him. He will remain sinking into it until the Day of Judgement.” Such as arrogance may be demonstrated with one’s clothes, it may be demonstrated with houses decorations, cars, having palaces for purposes of showing off.  These traits also include:the refusal to sitwith the poor and the weak out of despising them, as the polytheists at the time of the Prophet (PBUH) used torefuse to sit with the poor Companions of the Prophets such as Belal, Suhayb and Salman out of despise. They said to the Prophet, “Drive them away so that they may not be overbold upon us.” Thus, Allah revealed, “And turn not away those who invoke their Lord, morning and afternoon seeking His Face.” Among the manifestations of haughtiness is to only invite the rich for a banquet and ignore the poor, Abu Hurayrah said, “The worst food is that of a banquet to which only the rich are invited while the poor are not invited.”

Also, intentionally keeping away from saying slam or shaking hands with those of lower status to others is a sign of arrogance, since it is against the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) who used to start saying salam to the young and the elderly alike. It has been recorded in the Hadith, “When Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) happened to pass by young boys he would great them.”

As well, another sign of arrogance is argumentation and abusiveness in conflicts. There is not dispute that Muslims are forbidden from avoid speaking with their fellow Muslims beyond three days, as this indicates termination of relations and spread of mischief and corruption. Also, Allah, Most High, will punish he who does so in the Hereafter. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “He who avoids speaking with his fellow Muslim beyond three days will be in the Fire unless Allah showers him with His Mercy.” He (PBUH) also says, ““It is not permissible for a Muslim to shun his brother for more than three nights. When they meet, this one turns away (from that one) and that one turns away (from this one) and the best of them is the one who greets his brother first;” and “Whoever has (the following) four characteristics will be a pure hypocrite: “If he speaks, he tells a lie; if he gives a promise, he breaks it, if he makes a covenant he proves treacherous; and if he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent evil insulting manner (unjust). And whoever has one of these characteristics, has one characteristic of a hypocrite, unless he gives it us.”

Arrogance was the reason why the polytheists of Mecca rejected to embrace Islam and accept the notion of Tawhid (There is no god but Allah). Allah, Most High, says, “Indeed they, when it was said to them, “There is no deity but Allah,” were arrogant;” meaning that they used to reject to follow any other religion but that of their forefathers. In the same connection, arrogance was the reason why the Jews rejected to follow Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) though they perfectly knew that he is all truthful. Allah, Most High, says, “Those to whom We gave the Scripture know him as they know their own sons. But indeed, a party of them conceals the truth while they know [it].” It is furthermore what made the Children of Israel to belie their Prophets and kill them. Allah, the Almighty, says, “But is it [not] that every time a messenger came to you, [O Children of Israel], with what your souls did not desire, you were arrogant? And a party [of messengers] you denied and another party you killed.”

Arrogance is actually the reason behind the disbelief and denial of the disbelievers from the previous nations. Allah, the Almighty, says about Prophet Noah (PBUH), “And indeed, every time I invited them that You may forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears, covered themselves with their garments, persisted, and were arrogant with [great] arrogance.” About Prophet Hud (PBUH), He, Most High, says, “As for ‘Aad, they were arrogant upon the earth without right and said, “Who is greater than us in strength?” About the people of Prophet Saleh (PBUH), He, the Almighty, says, “Said the eminent ones who were arrogant among his people to those who were oppressed – to those who believed among them, “Do you [actually] know that Salih is sent from his Lord?” They said, “Indeed we, in that with which he was sent, are believers.” Said those who were arrogant, “Indeed we, in that which you have believed, are disbelievers.” Concerning Prophet Shu‘yab’s people, He, the Almighty, says, “Said the eminent ones who were arrogant among his people, “We will surely evict you, O Shu’ayb, and those who have believed with you from our city, or you must return to our religion.” He said, “Even if we were unwilling?” This clearly shows the end of those nations who were arrogant as to the Order of Allah; they were wiped out; wretched is the consequence and the destination.

The treatment for whoever has been afflicted with this serious disease is to cure his heart; he must know his exact position and status through considering the origin of his creation; he was created out of nothing; Allah created him from dust, sperm, clot, then from a sperm-drop, then from a clinging clot, and then from a lump of flesh after which he became a thing even mentioned. The arrogant slave should know that he would be punished on the Day of Resurrection with what humiliates him. For instance, he who intends to be exercise arrogance against people, Allah will humiliate him on the Day of Judgment. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “The proud will be gathered on the Day of Judgment resembling tiny particles in the image of men. They will be covered with humiliation everywhere …” Allah, Most High, says, “That home of the Hereafter We assign to those who do not desire exaltedness upon the earth or corruption. And the [best] outcome is for the righteous.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be him, his family and companions.

Muslim brothers,

The sings of turning away from the Way of Allah, the Almighty, includes, contradiction between sayings and actions, falsely claiming idealism and peacefulness from those who focus only on shape and appearance and give superiority to their appearance over the ultimate priority even if this is based on neglecting the true essence. That is because a man of such a kind whose behavior never complies with the teachings of religion is considered a tool of destruction and turning people away from the Religion of Allah, Glorified is He. The saying of the Prophet (PBUH) “Some of you make people dislike good deeds” is truly applicable to such people.

So, if man’s appearance was that of the religiously committed while he mistreats people, tells lie, practices treachery or unlawfully consumes people’s properties, the matter is really serious, and the person doing so comes under the category of the hypocrites. The extremist groups can be offered as a case in point. Even though they are considered the biggest sponsor for terrorism, with the aim of destroying countries and making them weak so that it would be easy for them- they assume- to have power in these countries.

The same also applies to those who views that Islam is restricted to the acts of worship and practicing personal reasoning in them while they misunderstand them and adopt an extremist view in declaring people disbelievers and carrying weapon against them, as it was the case of Al-Khawarij who were very committed to prayer, fasting and the night prayer, yet they were not well-versed in the shari knowledge that was to prevent them from shedding blood. They i.e. Al-Khawarij thus carried weapons against people, and had they sought after the true knowledge, it would have had prevented them from doing so, because Islam is the religion of mercy, meaning that anything that keeps you away from mercy keeps you away from Islam. Results are determined by the proper conduct, not by mere saying. Arabs said, “the (good) condition of one man among one thousand men is better than the speech of one thousand men to one man.”