Awqaf Messages

Livelihood and security

The Glorious Quran has established a direct relation between security and livelihood on several occasions. In “Surat” An-Nahl Chapter (The Bees) Allah Almighty says: “Allah strikes a parable of the village which was safe and peaceful. Its provisions came in abundance from everywhere; but it was thankless for the favours of Allah. Therefore, for what they were doing, Allah let it taste the garment of hunger and fear” (16:112). So when the village was safe and its people worked together to maintain its safety, its provisions came in abundance from everywhere but when they became thankless for the favours of Allah Almighty, Allah let them taste the garment of hunger and fear. In the same chapter “Surat” Allah Almighty says: “We did not wrong them, but they wronged themselves” (16:118). In “Surat” Koraysh Chapter Allah says: “For the custom of the Koraysh,* Their custom of the winter and summer journey* Therefore let them worship the Lord of this House * Who fed them from hunger and secured them from fear”. In “Surat” Al-Qasas Chapter (The Story), the Holy Quran commented on the people of Mecca who were granted security and livelihood for preserving the scared mosque and its security: “ But have We not given them a secure sanctuary from which fruits of every kind are collected as a provision from Us? Indeed, most of them do not know” (57). In “Surat” Al-Anfal (Battle Gains), Allah says: “And remember how He gave you shelter when you were few in number and considered weak in the land, ever fearing that the people would snatch you away; but He gave you refuge and supported you with His victory and provided you with goodness, so that you might give thanks” (8:26). And when Prophet Abraham (peace by upon him) prayed to God to provide his family and offspring with a homeland and fruits “And when Abraham said: ‘My Lord, make this country safe and provide its inhabitants whosoever of them believes in Allah and the Last Day with fruits”. (2:126). The Holy Quran narrates the words of Abraham (peace be upon him): “And when Abraham said: ‘My Lord, make this a land secure. Turn me and my children away from worshipping idols. My Lord they have led many people astray. Whosoever follows me belongs to me. Whosoever rebels against me, You are surely Forgiving, the Most Merciful. Our Lord, I have settled some of my offspring in a barren valley near Your Holy House; our Lord, in order that they establish the prayer. Make the hearts of people yearn towards them, and provide them with fruits, in order that they are thankful” (Ibrahim 35-37). Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said reminding us of the blessings of Allah: “The one among you who wakes up secure in his property, healthy in his body and has his food for the day, it is as if the whole world were brought to him”. As we can see, Prophet Muhmmad (peace be upon him) who does not speak out of desire advances the blessing of security to health and livelihood to emphasize the importance of these blessings and the need to preserve them. He referred to security with the phrase “secure in his property” to stress the need for protecting your home regardless of its size or nature.

There is a positive correlation between security and livelihood and investment climate. Whenever security and safety are fulfilled, growth, they are directly followed by investments, work, production and different means of earning. On the contrary, wherever there is war, extremism, terrorism, destruction and vandalism, and corruption, life becomes harder and everybody is plagued by poverty.

Hence, Islam prohibited threatening the lives of people that Prophet Muhammad denied the merit of faith – regardless of the different interpretations of this denial as denial of the merit in full or of its perfection-  to those who threaten the safety and security of people: “The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand the people are safe, and the believer is the one people trust with their lives and wealth”. Prophet Muhammad also said: He shall not be a true believer that who breaks his oath”, “By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer.” It was asked, “Who is that, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “One whose neighbour does not feel safe from his evil” and “That you keep yourself from harming people is a charity”.

Islam has forbidden all forms of corruption and mischief. Allah Almighty says in his Glorious Quran: “Do not make mischief in the earth after it has been put right” (Al-A’raf “The Ramparts” 56), and “do not corrupt the land with mischief”. (Hood “The Prophet Hood” 85). Allah Almight also says: “ There is he whose sayings pleases you in this worldly life and uses Allah as a witness for what is in his heart, but he is most stubborn in adversary* No sooner does he leave than he hastens about the earth to corrupt there and destroy crops and cattle. Allah does not love corruption* When it is said to him: ‘Fear Allah, ‘ egotism takes him in his sin. Hell-fire shall be enough for him. How evil a cradling!” (2: 204-206) and “Could it be, that if you turn away, you might make corruption in the land and break the ties of kinship?* Such are those whom Allah has cursed, making them deaf and blinding their eyes* Will they not then contemplate on the Koran? Or are there locks upon their hearts!” (47:22-24).

In Pursuit of Better Investment of Zakah Revenues

Zakah revenues meets a wide gap in the needs of the poor, the indigent and the public interests of the state if they are invested in a proper way. If the rich people generously donate charities and do their best to feed the hungry, clothe the naked, give medicine to the patient, support the needy and significantly contribute to fulfill the needs of their country of reform, weapons and equipment, life will be much better in this country with no needy or beggar in the community.

Imam ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “Allah has apportioned the provisions of the poor in the wealth of the rich. So no poor man becomes hungry except as a result of the miserliness of a rich man and if you found a hungry poor man, know that there is an unjust rich man who did not pay the right of Allah in his wealth and did not fulfill his duty towards his society.”

In addition, if the endowments are invested in a proper way beside the Zakah and charities for the interests of the country, they would lead to a real renaissance in our country. We may have surplus for impoverished countries that we need to help, such as the Nile Basin countries with which we need to communicate and collaborate scientifically, culturally, charitably and humanely at the governmental and peoples’ levels with their strong civil institutions. These institutions are well placed to carry out large and huge projects in these countries and other African poor countries as a strategic dimension and as a part of our national security. There are numerous successful examples in this field for civil society institutions.

Zakah is a fundamental right in the wealth of the rich: I would first state some certain facts: First, Zakah is a fundamental right in the wealth of the rich and one of the main pillars of Islam such as prayer and fasting alike. Ibn ‘Abbas (may Alalh be pleased with him) said, “Three things have been revealed in the Qur‘ān associated with three others. They are not accepted separately: the first verse is, “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger.” If a Muslims obeys Allah’s commands and ignores the Messenger’s commands, his effort will not be accepted. The second verse is, “perform the prayer and give Zakah.” Those who perform the prayer and do not give Zakah will have prayer unaccepted. The third verse is, “give thanks to Me and to your parents. Unto Me is the final destination.” Whoever gives thanks to Allah but does not give thanks to his parents, his work will not be accepted.”

Allah, the Almighty, says about those who hoard their wealth and do not give Zakah: “And those who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah – give them tidings of a painful punishment. The Day when it will be heated in the fire of Hell and seared therewith will be their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, [it will be said], This is what you hoarded for yourselves, so taste what you used to hoard” (the Qur‘ān, 9: 34-35).

Second, Islam invites Muslims to generously donate charities. Allah, the Almighty, says, “The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing” (the Qur‘ān, 2: 261).

Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) said, “The wealth of a man is never diminished by charity.” He also said, “The best charity is the one that you give while you are healthy, niggardly and afraid of poverty and wish to become wealthy. Do not delay it to the time of approaching death and then say, ‘Give so much to such and such, and so much to such and such.”

The Prophet (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) also said, “Every day two angels come down from Heaven and one of them says, ‘O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in Your Cause,’ and the other (angel) says, ‘O Allah! Destroy every miser.”

Allah, the Almighty, says, “Here you are – those invited to spend in the cause of Allah – but among you are those who withhold [out of greed]. And whoever withholds only withholds [benefit] from himself; and Allah is the Free of need, while you are the needy. And if you turn away, He will replace you with another people; then they will not be the likes of you” (the Qur‘ān, 47: 38).

Reasons Behind Defects and Means to Correction:

In this regard, the reasons behind the defect are either associated with zakah payer, zakah recipients or intermediaries between the two, a person, an organization or an institution. The reasons associated with the payers are either failure to pay or resorting to trickery or paying the Zakah without consideration of the organization to which they give the Zakah. The religious discourse should focus on the obligation of paying the Zakah and the major sin committed by those who withheld the right of Allah in their wealth in assertion that the rich do not escape blame by merely paying the Zakah in any way.

Rather, some jurists maintain that if a rich man mistakenly pays Zakah to a rich person thinking he is a poor, he still has to pay the Zakah. The rich people have to make sure that they pay the Zakah to the rightful recipients honestly and accurately in order to absolve themselves of all blame and contribute with their Zakah to the desired fruit for which Zakah has been ordained.

The reasons behind the shortcoming associated with the recipient revolve around the weak religious deterrent of some people, who make it lawful for themselves to obtain money from any means even if it entails loss of respect. We should remind those people of the Islamic approach and common sense, which discourage those who are able to work from begging or face-losing. Our Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) says, “Begging is allowed only for one who is in grinding poverty, one who is seriously in debt, or one who is responsible for compensation and finds it difficult to pay.” Our Prophet (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) also says, “Acts of begging are lacerations with which a man disfigures his face, so he who wishes may preserve his self-respect, and he who wishes may abandon it.” Imam Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

Carrying stones from mountains tops is better to me than accepting favors of men.

Some say some works are shameful, to me real shame lies in humiliation of begging. 

Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) says, “One of the sayings of the early Prophets which the people have got is: If you don’t feel ashamed, do whatever you like.”

Islam strictly prohibits begging when no real need is there and prohibits humiliation of begging. Free men never expose themselves to situations that do not befit them. The upper hand, which gives, is better than the lower hand, which takes. The importance and value of work in Islam should also be stressed and that Islam encourages work. It should also be pointed out that one who strives to help the widows and the poor is like the one who fights in the way of Allah and that the best people are the ones who earn their living from their manual work and are not dependent upon others. The Pre-Islamic poet al-Shanfara al-Azdi said:

I eat the earth’s dust dry, lest any benefactor thinks me indebted to his favor.

Mahmud Sami al-Barudi said:

I was created as a dignified person receiving no favor from a child of a free woman that I remember for him when he gets angry.

As for the third defect, it is the mechanism of collecting and distributing the Zakah revenues. With our belief in and appreciation of the role of some civil societies in alleviating the suffering of the poor and the indigent whether by providing expenses or by establishing service and medical projects, these institutions need the following:

  • They must be under the complete control of the state apparatuses, which should follow and control them in the best way. There must be a clear transparency in announcing their budgets, expenses and remunerations while rationalizing their administrative expenses to the greatest possible degree.
  • There must be a clear map for the presence of these institutions, their geographical scope and activities in order not to have them all work in the same field or in limited fields while ignoring other fields that might be more important and vital for the society.
  • A public body, such as the Ministry of Social Solidarity, must be responsible for an electronic network to connect and coordinate the work of these institutions and link beneficiaries with donors and civil society institutions in their geographical or service scope in order to put an end to the phenomenon of the beneficiaries who have their names registered in the records of several charitable institutions while the Zakah revenues and charities do not reach those who really deserve them.
  • It is necessary to set clear goals and purposes to which all people might donate their charities or to allocate each institution for a particular purpose, such as feeding the hungry, providing medicine for the patient and paying the debts of those who are heavily indebted which is the goal of the campaign started by the Egyptian Ministry of Awqaf.

Egypt, the Quiver

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Egypt, the Quiver, is divinely saved and protected

As, in the Wise Remembrance, Guaranteed

t may transiently slip, But soon it stands up

As a strong bulwark of Islam

And a safe shelter for the noble Arabs

Seekers of its peace are granted

Yet, for war mongers its men challenged

Free from aggression and Humility

Here true manhood has the construction

Only Two ends are there with no Third

Absolute victory or martyrdom shared

Ask the history about her Heroes

To understand why the Prophet mentioned her hosts

The best of hosts are those of Egypt, so give

Egypt its due merit and Value

Sinai in the Glorious Qur‘ān

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The Noble Qur‘ān speaks about Sinai in a way that calls for reflection. It stresses its importance and religious and historical position and makes us think times and times about the necessity of devoting considerable efforts to Sinai development and promote investment in Sinai resources and tourist attractions for religious, natural and medical tourism. Allah, the Almighty, swears in His Book by mount Sinai in His saying, “By the mount. And [by] a Book inscribed. In parchment spread open. And [by] the frequented House. And [by] the heaven raised high. And [by] the sea filled [with fire]” (the Qur‘ān, 52: 1-6). In this surah, Allah first swears by mount Sinai, giving it precedence over the other objects of oath in the same surah even though they have a high standing and holiness. Moreover, Allah named the whole surah: “the Surah of the Mount.” In a more explicit and specific oath, Allah swears by Mount Sinai in the surah of al-Tin as Allah, the Almighty, says, “By the fig and the olive. And [by] Mount Sinai. And [by] this secure city [Makkah], We have certainly created man in the best of stature.” (The Qur‘ān, 95: 1-4). Again, Mount Sinai is given precedence over the secure city that enjoys a high standing and holiness. In addition, the Qur‘ān refers to some of the blessings of Sinai in the saying of Allah, the Almighty, “And [We brought forth] a tree issuing from Mount Sinai which produces oil and food for those who eat” (the Qur‘ān, 23: 20). Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) said about this blessed tree, “Eat of its oil and use it, for indeed it is from a blessed tree.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi in his Sunan). Sinai hosts the blessed spot mentioned in the Qur‘ān in the story of Prophet Moses (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) , “But when he came to it, he was called from the right side of the valley in a blessed spot – from the tree, O Moses, indeed I am Allah, Lord of the worlds” (the Qur‘ān, 28: 30) and the sacred valley of Tuwa mentioned in the divine address to Moses (may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him), “And when he came to it, he was called, O Moses, Indeed, I am your Lord, so remove your sandals. Indeed, you are in the sacred valley of Tuwā” (the Qur‘ān, 20: 11-12). This high standing that Allah, the Almighty, confers upon Sinai encourages us all to put it in our hearts and to protect it and to ransom it with everything we have. No doubt, our armed forces shoulder this responsibility with exceptional bravery; they pay the ultimate sacrifices of for the sake of the homeland in general and for the sake of protecting Sinai and freeing it from terrorist and criminal elements in particular, the matter which deserves appreciation on one hand as well as siding with the armed forces and providing them with all the necessary support, be it financial or moral support, on the other hand. In an attempt to shed light on the religious, tourist, natural, cultural and historical attractions in North and South Sinai, we, in the Egyptian Ministry of Awqaf, decided to hold the International Competition of the Holy Qur‘ān in the city of Sharm al-Sheikh in collaboration with the Ministry of Youth and Sports, South Sinai Governorate and al-Gomhuria Newspaper, which is one of the most important partners in the competition. Moreover, tours will be organized to visit the religious, tourist, natural and cultural attractions in Sinai as the guests of Egypt from all over the world will visit the city of al-Tur, ‘Uyun Musa, Saint Catherine and other attractions and will be briefed about the religious and historical significance of these places. The Qur‘ān competition includes this year two new levels: the memorization of the Qur‘ān for young children less than twelve years old and the memorization of three Juz’ of the Qur‘ān at least for those with special needs. Sinai was chosen to host this competition on affirmation of our belief that Sinai is the city of peace and shall remain so, God willing. It affirms that Sinai occupies an important position in the heart and mind of all faithful Egyptians. Futile attempts perpetuated by enemies of humanity shall never dissuade us from building, developing and protecting Sinai. In addition, the competition stresses that the Egyptian people are strong and, that, hardships only increase their strength, stamina, determination and insistence on protecting their land and honor with unrivalled desire to confront and uproot terrorism. I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Imams who submitted numerous requests to move their work to Sinai in order to confront the forces of extremism. I would like also to thank those who are in charge of the Da‘wah convoys including the internal convoys by the scholars and Imams of the North and South Sinai governorates and the semi-periodic public convoys sent by the Ministry to Sinai.