The Jurisprudence of State-Building

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Help one another to do what is right and good; do not help one another towards sin and hostility.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

It goes without saying that all nations and peoples seek, with all their powers and resources, to build a strong and stable state in order to achieve their goals. State-building requires knowledge, experience and awareness of all conditions and challenges facing the state. There is a big difference between individuals or groups-related jurisprudence and the jurisprudence that seeks to build nations in thus rapidly shifting world that knows nothing but the voice of political, economic and cultural alliances and blocs, governed by international rules, laws and conventions that no sane person or a state can ignore them in light of the current reality.

A state means protection, security, trust, stability, order, and institutions. It means to have an intellectual, political, ecnomic and legislative structure. Without a state, there is noting but chaos.

Among the most important factors in state-building is: Strengthening the institutions of the national state, upholding laws and the constitution, and promoting justice. This requires respecting the laws and regulations of the state, for example, traffic rules that should not be violated in order to save people’s rights and avoid casuing harm or injury to others, or frightening them. The Almighty Allah says, “And cast not yourselves with your hands into perdition, and do well. Verily Allah loveth the well- doers.” Also, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “There should be no harm or reciprocal harm.”

Maintaining and respecting the order contributes to the building of a strong and stable state, because every society must have rules and laws that control the conduct of its members, and preserve human rights. Those members should perform their duties. Without respecting the order and upholding its rules and laws, no state can achieve stability and justice.

Respecting the laws is one of the most important factors in building the state, as the law is a protection for all citizens. No stability can be achieved without obey the rules. Thus, each one must bear his responsiblity to achieve the public welfare for the whole society. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Everyone of you is a guardian and everyone of you is responsible (for his wards). A ruler is a guardian and is responsible (for his subjects); a man is a guardian of his family and responsible (for them); a wife is a guardian of her husband’s house and she is responsible (for it),…” When the society shoulders its responsibility, it will be a coherent society, in which every one knows his duties and respects others. We are in a dire need to respect the law and abide by rules so that justice will prevail and the society will enjoy security, safety and stability. In this way, we will advance our country to the appropriate position among nations.

Also, the factors of nation-building include: Economic Buiding:  it is one of the most important pillars of the state. A strong economy enables countries to meet their domestic and international obligations, and provide a decent life for their citizens. When the economy weakens, poverty and disease spread, people’s life is disturbed, morals are corrupted, crimes increase. This is an opportunity for the enemies who are lurking to destabilize countries and create chaos within them. Whem a countrry is unable to produce its basic needs, it will be dependent on other nations for its stability and sovereignty.  

The strong economy of the state enables it to live with dignity and pride among nations. Therfore, Islam paid a great attention to saving money, because it is critical for life.

The economic building of a state requires the perfection of our work and the increase of our production. No nation or state can achieve progress except through work and excellence. Thus, it is not just work that we need, but the perfection of this work. The Almighty Allah encourages us to work saying, “Then when the prayer has ended, disperse in the land and seek out Allah’s bounty. Remember Allah often so that you may prosper.” He, the Most High, also said, “It is He who has made the earth manageable for you––travel its regions; eat His provision- and to Him you will be resurrected.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “No food is better to man than that which he earns through his manual work. David (PBUH), the Prophet of Allah, ate only out of his earnings from his manual work.” The Prophet (PBUH) also said, “He who spends night tired out of work, Allah will forgive him.”

To encourage people for production, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “If the Day of Judgment comes while you have a palm-cutting in your hands and it is possible to plant it before the Hour comes, you should plant it.” He also said, “No Muslim plants a plant or sows a crop, then a person, or a bird, or an animal eats from it, except that it will be charity for him.”

Also, the factors of nation-building include: Building cultural, religious, intellectual and scientific awareness. The absence or weakness of awareness cannot lead to the building of a strong and stable state. Therefore, awareness must increase among members of society, and each one of them must know his duties and rights.

This means the necessity of the formation of awareness of individuals and the whole nation through moral education, useful culture, and confronting ignorance. Thereofre, all state institutions must work together to build cultural, religious, intellectual, and scientific awareness which enables people to realize the greatness of the challenges to deal with. They will also confront rumors and refute them. The Almighty Allah says, “Believers, if a troublemaker brings you news, check it first, in case you wrong others unwittingly and later regret what you have done.”

We must remain cautious and aware, learn lessons from others, and benefit from life experiences. God says “O you who have believed, take your precaution” and our Prophet (PBUH) says, “A believer should not be stung twice from the same hole.” We should know that building and preserving our country is the shared responsibility of everyone of us, each according to their capacity and position. We meanwhile point out that building cannot be accomplished unless people with destructive attitude are encountered. As the poet puts it:

A construction will not rise tall … if you build and others destroy

Our Prophet (PBUH) says, “Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or is oppressed”. A man enquired: “O Messenger of Allah! I help him when he is oppressed, but how can I help him when he is an oppressor?” He said, “You can keep him from committing oppression. That will be your help to him.” Therefore, each one of us, within their responsibility, curb those who attempt do disrupt our unity or bring about harm to our country. Thus, a father should give advice to his son, the brother to his brother, and a friend to his friend. We should not be negative as to what is going on around us. The Prophet (PBUH) says, “”Do not let yourselves be ‘yes-men’, saying: ‘If the people are good then we will be good, and if they are wrong then we will be wrong. ‘Rather, make up your own minds, if the people are good then you are good, and if they are evil, then do not behave unjustly.” The Prophet also says, “”The likeness of the man who observes the limits prescribed by Allah and that of the man who transgresses them is like the people who get on board a ship after casting lots. Some of them are in its lower deck and some of them in its upper (deck). Those who are in its lower (deck), when they require water, go to the occupants of the upper deck, and say to them : ‘If we make a hole in the bottom of the ship, we shall not harm you.’ If they (the occupants of the upper deck) leave them to carry out their design they all will be drowned. But if they do not let them go ahead (with their plan), all of them will remain safe.”

It is not enough that a man be righteous on his own right, because the current state of affairs requires transformation from righteousness to reform. Allah says, “No good is there in much of their private conversation, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or conciliation between people. And whoever does that seeking means to the approval of Allah – then We are going to give him a great reward. Allah also says, “And your Lord would not have destroyed the cities unjustly while their people were reformers.” Reform was the attitude of Prophets and Messengers, and is an instrument for building nations and maintaining them coherent and united so that humanity can live in peace and serenity without dispute, discord, violence, terrorism nor corruption in land with homicide and destruction.

With that said, I ask Allah for forgiveness for me and for you! 

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that our Master Prophet Muhammed is His votary and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Family, Companions, and those who follow their path till the Day of Judgement.

Muslim Brothers,

The factors of building nations include social construction. Islam is keen on strengthening relations and fostering solidarity among the members of the society, while avoiding bringing about harm to others as our Prophet (PBUH) says, “No one of you becomes a true believer until he likes for his brother what he likes for himself.” He also says, “”By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer! By Allah, he is not a believer.” It was asked, “Who is that, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “One whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil”. The Prophet also said, ““He who passes the night with full stomach while knowing that his neighbor is hungry is not a true believer in me.”

Another aspect of social construction is family cohesion, for family is the cornerstone of the society, and is entrusted with protecting young people and fostering their brains and bodies. It is the family where the feelings of love, mercy and solidarity come together. With that said, it is to be kept in mind that a family has a responsibility towards its members. The Prophet said, “It is an enough sin for a person to lead astray those who are dependent on him.” Indeed, nothing is more destructive than letting your children fall prey to corrupt ideas and deviant groups without doing your duty of raising their awareness of the dangers and challenges around us. It is also a duty to keep reminding your sons of their duty towards their country and fostering its love in their hearts. In this context Shawky wrote some lines of poetry:

We shall protect our nation as long as we live,

We shall die in our homeland, Egypt, as we have lived.

Another factor of building nations is the promotion of good ethical and behavioral values. Nations are not built on fragile ethical foundations and cultures. Instead, these things can bring about destruction to nations. With good manners, a Muslim attains higher ranks and better reward.

The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The heaviest thing which will be put on the believer’s scale (on the Day of Resurrection) will be good morals and Allah hates the profligate and the obscene.”  When the Prophet was asked about the best thing by which a person can be admitted to Paradise, he said, “God-fearing and good manners.” Moreover, the Prophet (PBUH) made ethics a criterion for measuring the increase or decrease of faith. He said “The believers who show the most perfect Faith are those who have the best behavior.”

Indeed, good manners protect individuals form major sins and destructive speech. Allah says, “And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability.”

We ask Allah to guide us to the best manners, keep us safe and secure and protect Egypt and its people.