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The Glorious Quran’s Concern for Moral Values

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “This Quran does indeed show the straightest way. It gives the faithful who do right the good news that they will have a great reward.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The aspects of greatness in the Glorious Qur’an are countless, for the Qur’an is the strongest means to bring us close to Allah. It is the best admonish, the light, and the straight path that may not be distorted, and the will be kept free from falsehood. Scholars will not cease to discover its marvelousness. It will never be outdated, and none can comprehend all its wisdom. Whoever speaks according to its verses will be truthful; whoever acts according to its guidance will be rewarded; whoever judges according to its provisions will be just; and whoever calls it will be guided to a straight path. The Almighty Allah says, “We have sent the Scripture down to you explaining everything, and as guidance and mercy and good news to those who devote themselves to Allah.” He (Glory be to Him) also says, “There is nothing that We have left out from the Book [Qur’an].”

Among the aspects of greatness of the Glorious Qur’an is the attention it pays to ethics in the life of individuals and nations through its system of values and rules that regulate human behavior and establishes an interconnected society which is characterized by pure souls and hearts, and whose members deal with honesty, truthfulness, compassion. It is in such society that each member believes in the norm of diversity, peaceful coexistence, respect for the other, and the pursuit of the reconstruction of the world with religion. The Almighty Allah says, “O People, We created you all from a single man and a single woman, and made you into races and tribes so that you should recognize one another. In Allah’s eyes, the most honoured of you are the ones most mindful of Him: Allah is all knowing, all aware.” Allah also says, “Had your Lord so willed, He would have certainly made humanity one single community [of believers], but they continue to have their differences- except those on whom your Lord has mercy.” In another verse, Allah says, “It was He who brought you into being from the earth and made you inhabit it.”

One who contemplates the Glorious Qur’an will realize that the moral values that the Qur’an  ​​called for are not superficial morals that that can be dispensed with, or used in an environment without another. Rather, they are a set of fixed values ​​that do not change over time or from a place to another. These values were the a life approach applied by the Prophet (PBUH). When Aisha was asked about the character of Prophet (PBUH), she did not enumerate the behaviors of the Prophet (PBUH), but she referred the questioner to the Qur’an. Sa’d Ibn Hisham in commenting on the Qur’anic Verse, “And truly you have an outstanding character” said: Aishah was asked, “what was the character of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) like? She replied, “Do you read the Qur’an?”, the questioner said, “yeas”. She said, “His character was the Qur’an.” Her answer affirms that the entire Qur’an, with its beliefs, laws, acts of worship and transactions, is essentially a strong call to building a human being on the basis of an integrated moral structure, and that the Messenger (PBUH) was the perfect example for this building in all of his affairs.

At the top of these values are respecting the dignity of human beings and avoiding degrading them.  The Almighty Allah commands believers to avoid anything that harms their brothers such as mockery and evil thoughts. The Almighty Allah said, “Believers, no one group of men should jeer at another, who may after all be better than them; no one group of women should jeer at another, who may after all be better than them; do not speak ill of one another; do not use offensive nicknames for one another. How bad it is to be called a mischief-maker after accepting faith! Those who do not repent of this behavior are evildoers.” Allah also said, “Believers, avoid many suspicions – some suspicions are sinful- and do not spy on one another or speak ill of people behind their backs: would any of you like to eat the flesh of your dead brother? No, you would hate it. So be mindful of Allah: Allah is ever relenting, most merciful.” Belief instils in the heart the value of thinking well of others, as Allah said, “When you heard the lie, why did believing men and women not think well of their own people and declare, ‘This is obviously a lie’?”

Also, among the values ​​that the Glorious Qur’an is keen to promote are: cooperation, solidarity and compassion. The Glorious Qur’an instructed the whole society to cooperate for the cause righteousness and piety. The Almighty Allah said, “Help one another to do what is right and good; do not help one another towards sin and hostility.” Cooperation among members of the society is a main factor of the nation’s strength and the achievement of social security. Every person has requirements that he seeks and strives to achieve. If the spirit of solidarity increases, the whole society will feel assure regarding these requirements. A poet said:

People are servants for one another

whether they are Arabs or non-Arabs

The Prophet (PBUH) called for cooperation in many Ahadeeth. He (PBUH) said, “The believers in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy are just like one body. When one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever.” He (PBUH) also said, “A Muslim is a brother to a Muslim. He should neither deceive him nor lie to him, nor leave him without assistance. Everything belonging to a Muslim is inviolable for a Muslim; his honour, his blood and property. Piety is here (and he pointed out to his chest thrice). It is enough for a Muslim to commit evil by despising his Muslim brother.”

Among these values is reflection. The Almighty Allah commanded His servants to reflect on the creation of heavens and earth, praising those who do so. Allah said. “There truly are signs in the creation of the heavens and earth, and in the alternation of night and day, for those with understanding, who remember Allah standing, sitting, and lying down, who reflect on the creation of the heavens and earth: ‘Our Lord! You have not created all this without purpose- You are far above that!- so protect us from the torment of the Fire.” He (Glory be to Him) also said, “Have they not contemplated the realm of the heavens and earth?”

Allah, Most High, urged us to ponder over the creation of different creatures, a point which is crystal clear in the Saying of Allah, Most High, “Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you see …” and “Say: Tell me, if Allah were to make the night to continue incessantly on you till the day of resurrection, who is the god besides Allah that could bring you light? Do you not then hear?” In the same connection, He, the Almighty, ordered us to ponder over the creation of the soul, “Do they not reflect within themselves …” and “nd in the earth there are signs for those who are sure, (20) And in your own souls (too); will you not then see?” As such, the Noble Quran opens the doors to us to reflect over all what may beneficial for man. In truth, reflection is but an act of worship of which the companions and jurists were fully aware. For this reason, Abu Al-Darda (may Allah be pleased with him) says, “To ponder over the creation of the creatures for just one hour is better than standing for payer the whole night”. Wahb Ibn Munabbih also says, “Once a man practices reflection for much time, he would understand; and once he understood, he would apply this knowledge.”

The list includes also the value of dialogue and respecting the other. In fact, so many verses of the Quran direct the attention of the Ummah and the entire humanity to the significance of dialogue. Dialogue is actually the means Allah, Most High, orders His Messenger and Prophets to resort to when delivering the Divine Message. That is because Islam believes in the freedom of belief. Allah, Most High, says: “There shall be no compulsion in religion.” Prophet Noah (PBUH) resorted to the means of dialogue while calling his people; Allah says: “He said: O my people! tell me if I have with me clear proof from my Lord, and He has granted me mercy from Himself and it has been made obscure to you; shall we constrain you to (accept) it while you are averse from it?”

Also, Prophet Abraham (PBUH) resorted to reason when speaking with the tyrant Al-Namrud as clearly shown by the Quran, ” Have you not considered him (Namrud) who disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom? When Ibrahim said: My Lord is He who gives life and causes to die, he said: I give life and cause death. Ibrahim said: So surely Allah causes the sun to rise from the east, then make it rise from the west; thus he who disbelieved was confounded; and Allah does not guide aright the unjust people.”

This actually the same methodology adopted by Moses (PBUH) in his dialogue with Pharaoh as recorded in the Quran, “Firon said: And what is the Lord of the worlds? (23) He said: The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, if you would be sure. (24) (Firon) said to those around him: Do you not hear? (25) He said: Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers of old. (26) Said he: Most surely your Apostle who is sent to you is mad. (27) He said: The Lord of the east and the west and what is between them, if you understand. (28) Said he: If you will take a god besides me, I will most certainly make you one of the imprisoned.”

In fact, the Quran frequently highlights the values of dialogue since it implies a call for the human progress and showing respect for each other, irrespective of one’s color, religion and race. That is to say that Islam has already cast away all theories of racism and supremacy of one race over the others. By this, the Quran has actually kept the dignity of the entire humanity and approved the principle of the unity of races. Allah, Glorified is He, says: “And surely We have honored the children of Adam, and We carry them in the land and the sea, and We have given them of the good things, and We have made them to excel by an appropriate excellence over most of those whom We have created” and ” O people! be careful of (your duty to) your Lord, Who created you from a single being and created its mate of the same (kind) and spread from these two, many men and women; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah, by Whom you demand one of another (your rights), and (to) the ties of relationship; surely Allah ever watches over you.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

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All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; and I bear witness that our master Prophet Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his family, companions and whoever follows their guidance to the Day of Judgment.

Muslim brothers,

The list of the moral values recorded in the Quran includes self-control and restraining one’s anger. It is taken for granted that man in this life is liable to get angry for a reason or another, since the human soul is influenced by what it sees and hears. For this reason, the Quran calls for self-control and restraining of one’s anger; it wants all people to pardon each other. In this regard, Allah, Glorified is He, says: “And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord; and a Garden, the extensiveness of which is (as) the heavens and the earth, it is prepared for those who guard (against evil)”; ” And let not those of you who possess grace and abundance swear against giving to the near of kin and the poor and those who have fled in Allah’s way, and they should pardon and turn away. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful”; “And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when lo! He between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were a warm friend” and “but whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah.”

The list of values furthermore includes reconciliation among Muslims. In truth, many verses in the Quran order is to reconcile among mankind and to give glad tidings to those who reconcile among people that Allah prepares for them a great reward. He, Most High, says, ” There is no good in most of their secret counsels except (in his) who enjoins charity or goodness or reconciliation between people; and whoever does this seeking Allah’s pleasure, We will give him a mighty reward”; ” But he who fears an inclination to a wrong course or an act of disobedience on the part of the testator, and effects an agreement between the parties, there is no blame on him. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful” and “On this world and the hereafter. And they ask you concerning the orphans Say: To set right for them (their affairs) is good, and if you become co-partners with them, they are your brethren; and Allah knows the mischief-maker and the pacemaker, and if Allah had pleased, He would certainly have caused you to fall into a difficulty; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.” On the contrary, He, Glorified is He, wans those who spread corruption and mischief among people, saying: “And among men is he whose speech about the life of this world causes you to wonder, and he calls on Allah to witness as to what is in his heart, yet he is the most violent of adversaries. (204) And when he turns back, he runs along in the land that he may cause mischief in it and destroy the tilth and the stock, and Allah does not love mischief-making. (205) And when it is said to him, guard against (the punishment of) Allah; pride carries him off to sin, therefore hell is sufficient for him; and certainly it is an evil resting place.”

As such, we are in dire need to adhere to the moral ethics called for by the Quran and applied by the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), so that we could arrive at the same level of civilization, progress and advancement.

O Allah! Guide us to the best of morals for none can guide to the best of them but You! O Allah! Remove the worst of morals from us for none can do that but You! O Allah! Protect our country, people, army and police; and grant us and all the Muslim countries security and safety.