The Concept of Good Deeds and bad Deeds

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Whoever does good does it for his own soul and whoever does evil does it against his own soul: your Lord is never unjust to His creatures.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger, who said in a Qudsi Hadith, “My servants, these are your deeds that I record for you and I shall reward you for them. So he who finds good should praise Allah and he who does not find that should not blame anyone but himself.” May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.
The Almighty Allah has honored man, created him in the best form, breathed unto him from His Soul, distinguished him with reason, ordered Angels to bow down before him, subjugated everything in the universe for him, and favored him over many of His creation, as He (Glory be to Him) said, “We have honored the children of Adam and carried them by land and sea; We have provided good sustenance for them and favored them specially above many of those We have created.” This is because man has carried a heavy burden that was offered to the heavens and the earth, but they refused to carry it. It is the burden of accountability which requires work and strive, along with the development of the earth beside worshiping Allah. Allah says, “Then when the prayer has ended, disperse in the land and seek out Allah’s bounty. Remember Allah often so that you may prosper.”
Thus, a Muslim should know that everything he does in his life is a work that will be added to the sheet of his deeds of rewards or sins. Allah says, “Whoever has done an atom’s-weight of good will see it, but whoever has done an atom’s-weight of evil will see that.” Allah also says, “On the Day when every soul finds all the good it has done present before it, it will wish all the bad it has done to be far, far away. Allah warns you to beware of Him, but Allah is compassionate towards His servants.” The concept of deeds includes everything that man does or says. The good deed is the one done for the sake of Allah and is done perfectly. Allah says, “Though all they are ordered to do is worship Allah alone, sincerely devoting their religion to Him as people of true faith, keep up the prayer, and pay the prescribed alms, for that is the true religion.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Allah loves that when someone does an action, he perfects it.”
There is no doubt that the concept of good deeds in Islam is broad. It includes all obligations set by the Almighty Allah including prayer, fasting, Zakat, Pilgrimage, Dhikr, and so on. These are the fundamentals that a Muslim should perform as Allah said, “Believers, bow down, prostrate yourselves, worship your Lord, and do what is good so that you may succeed.” Allah also said, “Perform Prayers, pay Zakat, and obey the Messenger.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Purity is half of Iman (faith). [the phrase of] ‘Al-hamdu lillah (praise be to Allah)’ fills the scales, and the [two phrases of] ‘subhan-Allah (how far is Allah from every imperfection) and ‘Al-hamdulillah (praise be to Allah)’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Salah (prayer) is a light, and charity is a proof (of one’s faith), and patience is illumination, and the Qur’an is a proof either for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or causing its ruin.”
Among the good deeds that a Muslim should perform: Truthfulness, kindness, spread of peace, and other things that make people love each other. Allah says, “Tell My servants to say what is best.” Also, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “The dearest to me from amongst you are the best in behavior; those who are lenient, who love others and are beloved…” The Prophet showed the reality of the believer when he said, “By the One in Whose Hands rests my soul, the example of the believer is like the example of the date palm-tree; it takes what is good, gives what is good, it never harm or cause corruption.”
Good deeds are not confined to one type of actions without another. Rather, everything that achieves human values, and contributes to building an interconnected society, purifies the soul, spreads affinity and cooperation, is a good deed. Thus, Islam makes person’s work to earn his living and the living of his children and his family a good deed that entails reward, and the Prophet (PBUH) considered it a work for the sake of Allah. Once a man passed by the Prophet and his Companions. When the Companions saw his activeness and power, they said, “Had his power was for the sake of Allah?” the Prophet (PBUH) replied, “If he is working to feed his children, then his work is for the sake of Allah. If he works to feed his old parents, then his work is for the sake of Allah. If he works to earn his living lawfully, then his work is for the sake of Allah. If, however, he went out to show off, then his work is for the sake of the Satan.”
The Prophet (PBUH) is the best example for us, as he used to serve himself at home, and used to help his family. Aisha said, “He used to mend his sandals, sew his garment and work as any man works in his house.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “When someone spends on his family seeking his reward for it from Allah, it is counted as a charity from him.” He also said, “The best of you is the one who is best to his wife, and I am the best of you to my wives.”
Good deeds also include everything that would benefit people physically or morally, even if it is little. The Almighty Allah said, “There is no good in most of their secret talk, only in commanding charity, or good, or reconciliation between people. To anyone who does these things, seeking to please Allah, We shall give a rich reward.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Whoever has an extra mount should offer it to him who is without it, and whoever has surplus food should give it to him who has nothing.” The Prophet also encouraged us to do many good deeds saying, “The paths of good deeds are numerous: Glorifying Allah, praising him, declaring His Oneness; enjoining what is good, forbidding what is evil; removing harmful material from roads; helping the deaf, guiding the blind, hurry to help the needy, and the weak, these all are good deeds.”
The list also includes construction; Islam highly appreciates any kind of work that contributes to building the society, a point which is stressed by the fact that the Quran contains 360 verses highlighting the topic of work. Besides, Allah, Most High, tells us about examples for some people who used to do good deeds, “He brought you into being from the earth, and made you dwell in it …”, which stresses that He, Glorified is He, has prepared a great reward for those who work in agriculture, industry and commerce as well as other basic industries like that of iron “and We have made the iron, wherein is great violence and advantages to men …”; building ships “So We revealed to him, saying: Make the ark before Our eyes and (according to) Our revelation”; manufacturing of clothes “and of their wool and their fur and their hair (He has given you) household stuff and a provision for a time” and skin-based industries ” And Allah has given you a place to abide in your houses, and He has given you tents of the skins of cattle which you find light to carry on the day of your march and on the day of your halting …”
The scope of good work is not restricted to what achieves benefit for man; rather, it extends this to include what benefits animals and inanimate objects. It is reported that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) once passed by a weak camel whereupon he (PBUH) said, “Fear Allah regarding these dumb animals. Ride them when they are in good condition and feed them when they are in good condition.” He (PBUH) is also reported to have said, “While a man was on the way, he found a thorny branch of a tree there on the way and removed it. Allah thanked him for that deed and forgave him” and “I saw a person enjoying himself in Paradise because of the tree that he cut from the path which was a source of inconvenience to the people.”
As far as evil work is concerned, it includes all what causes Allah’s Anger and gets man out of the circle of righteousness to that of corruption, and thus he will keep away from the obligatory acts of worship, commit evil deeds like disobeying his parents, and unlawfully consume other’s property and honors. The list of evil deeds includes man’s abdication of his responsibility towards his family and not to well bring his children up. Allah, Most High, says, “O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a fire whose fuel is men and stones …” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “It is sufficient sin for a man that he neglects him whom he maintains.”
The list also includes spreading mischief in the earth through spreading destructive ideas, unfounded rumors and frightening the safe. Allah, the Almighty, says: “And do not make mischief in the earth after its reformation …”; “The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His apostle and strive to make mischief in the land is only this, that they should be murdered or crucified or their hands and their feet should be cut off on opposite sides or they should be imprisoned; this shall be as a disgrace for them in this world, and in the hereafter they shall have a grievous chastisement;” and “and do not seek to make mischief in the land, surely Allah does not love the mischief-makers.” In this regard, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also said: “The best of you is the one whose goodness is hoped for, and people are safe from his evil. And the worst of you is he whose goodness is not hoped for, and people are not safe from his evil.”
The list also includes damaging roads, which is considered a big sin. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “There is no injury nor return of injury” and “He who brings harm to Muslims in roads, their curse will certainly afflict him.”
The list furthermore includes spreading hatred among people as well as anything that causes them any kind of harm like backbiting, mockery, scorning, verbal abuse, calling one another by bad nicknames and evil speech as well as any other act that is prohibited by Islam and is against the perfect morals the sublime behaviors. In this regard, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Shall I tell you who is the worst of you?” “Yes,” they replied. He said, “Those who go about slandering, causing mischief between friends in order to separate them, and desiring to lead the innocent into wrong action.”
With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad (PBUH);
Muslim brothers,
Every deed made by man will affect him both in this life and the life to come. The fruits of the good deeds include having a good life in this life and in the Hereafter. Allah, Most High, says, “Whoever does good whether male or female and he is a believer, We will most certainly make him live a happy life, and We will most certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.” The list also includes the continuity of reward after death; Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are: knowledge which he learned and then spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur’an that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.”
The rewards of doing good deeds also include expiation of sins and turning them into good deeds; Allah, Most High, says, “And (as for) those who believe and do good, We will most certainly do away with their evil deeds and We will most certainly reward them the best of what they did.” Good deeds also allow man to get great reward and to be in the company of the Prophet, the Truthful and the martyrs. Allah, Most High, says: “Surely (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, their place of entertainment shall be the gardens of paradise;” and “And whoever obeys Allah and the Apostle, these are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed favors from among the prophets and the truthful and the martyrs and the good, and a goodly company are they!”
Just as good deeds are rewarded, wrongdoers will be punished in this world and the life to come. The list of punishment includes misguidance, confusion and unrest. Allah, Most High, says: “What! Is he whose evil deed is made fair-seeming to him so much so that he considers it good? Now surely Allah makes err whom He pleases and guides aright whom He pleases, so let not your soul waste away in grief for them; surely Allah is Cognizant of what they do” and “And whoever turns away from My reminder, his shall be a straitened life, and We will raise him on the day of resurrection, blind.”
They will also face bas destiny in the Hereafter; Allah, Glorified is He, says: “(As for) those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, surely they only swallow fire into their bellies and they shall enter burning fires.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Any person who takes a piece of land unjustly will sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.”
As such, we are in a dire need to cling to all what is beneficial to us and to keep away from any harm and evil. Besides, we should cooperate with and advise one another to do the right “I swear by the time, (1) Most surely man is in loss, (2) Except those who believe and do good, and enjoin on each other truth, and enjoin on each other patience. (3)”
O Allah! We ask You to do good; keep away from bad deeds; love the needy; provide us with us sincerity and acceptance and protect Egypt and all the world’s countries from any evil!