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The Concept of Martyrdom and the Status of Martyrs

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “And the martyrs, with their Lord, will have their reward and their light.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The Almighty Allah choses certain people from among His servants as martyrs, as He (Glory be to Him) said, “So that Allah may reveal the believers, choose martyrs from among you.” There are many virtues for martyrs. The Almighty Allah and His Angels testify that the abode of martyrs will be the Paradise; they are alive with their Lord, receiving their provision. Moreover, they witness the great bounty that their Lord has prepared for them, and they will find in the Hereafter all that Allah promised them. These and other virtues show the high status and position of martyrs for Allah says, “He will not let the deeds of those who are killed for His cause come to nothing; He will guide them and put them into a good state; He will admit them into the Paradise He has already made known to them.”

What a great deed that a man sacrifices his own soul for the sake of defending his homeland to get the status of martyrdom. It is a trade with Allah and it will never fail.  Allah says, “Allah has purchased the persons and possessions of the believers in return for the Paradise.” Thus, the status of martyrdom is one if the highest ranks in the sight of Allah.

Martyrdom for the sake of Allah has different types, the highest of which is martyrdom while confronting the enemies in defense of the nation and seeking the pleasure of Allah. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Nothing is dearer to Allah than two drops and two marks: a drop of tears shed out of fear of Allah and a drop of blood shed in Allah’s way. Regarding the two marks, they are: Marks left in the Cause of Allah and a mark left in observing one of the obligatory acts of worship of Allah, the Exalted.”

There are other forms of martyrdom that are not less than the previous one. These include any martyr who dies while protecting his nation or its assets. This includes a policeman who protects the places of worship, protects the tourists who visit our country, or protects and preserves the assets of the country. If he dies while faithfully performing his duty, then he dies for the sake of Allah. The same applies to a public official who preserves the public money, and dies while doing so.

The same applies to the one who dies while defending himself, his honor, money, or defending others and their money or honor. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who dies while defending his property is a martyr; he who dies in defense of his own life is a martyr; and he who dies on defense of his faith is a martyr, he who dies in defense of his family is a martyr.” All those persons die while defending their homeland, properties, honor or any other essences that Islam calls us to protect. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Every Muslim’s blood, property and honor are unlawful to be violated by another Muslim.”

As martyrdom is a blessing granted by Allah to the best of His servants second to Prophets, martyrs gain the best abode on the Day of Judgment. The virtues of martyrs include that: they do not suffer the throes of death. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The martyr does not sense the touch of death except as one of you senses the stinging of an ant.” They do not suffer the torture of the grave or its trial. One of the Prophet’s companions asked, “O Messenger of Allah, why will the believers be tested in their graves except the martyr?” He said, “The flashing of the swords above his head is trial enough.” Moreover, the reward of their good deeds will not cease. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The actions of every dead person come to a halt with his death except the one who is on the frontier in Allah’s way. This latter’s deeds will be made to go on increasing for him till the Day of Resurrection, and he will be secure from the trials in the grave.” Martyrs will receive great reward from Allah as the Prophet (PBUH) said, “He [a martyr] is forgiven from the first drop of his blood that is shed; he is shown his place in Paradise; he is spared the torment of the grave; he is kept safe from the Great Fright (on the Day of Judgement).”

A martyr will come on the day of Judgement with the fragrance of musk. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “One who is wounded in the way of Allah-and Allah knows better who is wounded in His way-will appear on the Day of Judgment with blood oozing from his wound having the color of blood but with the fragrance of musk.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you

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All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad, his household, Companions and followers!

Muslim brothers,

Our martyrs remain memorable as examples of sacrifice, bravery, and honor. To honor them, the Almighty Allah grants them the real eternal life as He (Glory be to Him) said, “[Prophet], do not think of those who have been killed in Allah’s way as dead. They are alive with their Lord, well provided for, happy with what Allah has given them of His favor; rejoicing that for those they have left behind who have yet to join them there is no fear, nor will they grieve; [rejoicing] in Allah’s blessing and favor, and that Allah will not let the reward of the believers be lost.” Also, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Their souls are in the insides of green birds having lanterns suspended from the Throne, roaming freely in Paradise where they please, then taking shelter in those lanterns. So their Lord cast a glance at them and said: Do you wish for anything? They said: What shall we wish for when we roam freely in Paradise where we please? And thus did He do to them three times. When they say that they would not be spared from being asked [again], they said: O Lord, we would like for You to put back our souls into our bodies so that we might fight for Your sake once again. And when He saw that they were not in need of anything they were let.”

It is noteworthy that whoever hopes to be a martyr, faithfully asking Allah for that, Allah will grant him the status of a martyr. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who asks Allah for martyrdom, Allah will raise him to the high status of the martyrs, even if he dies on his bed.”

What a great reward that Allah grants to those whom He chooses as martyrs! They accompany Prophets and pious people, as Allah said, “Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger will be among those He has blessed: the Messengers, the truthful, those who bear witness to the truth, and the righteous- what excellent companions these are!”

O Allah! Grant Your mercy for martyrs; save our country, Egypt and all the world’s countries!