Friday Sermon

Human Values in Surat Al-Hujurat

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, ‘My Lord has guided me to a straight path, an upright religion, the faith of Abraham, a man of pure faith. He was not a polytheist.’” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger, who said, “I have been sent to perfect good manners.” May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The Glorious Qur’an is rich with many verses that fosters good manners and moral values. Indeed, there are full Surahs (Qur’anic Chapters) that establishes the ground of a society based on lofty human values, such as Surat Al-Hujurat, which calls for may values including:

Ascertaining the authenticity of news, especially when such news is related to public affairs: The Almighty Allah said, “Believers, if a troublemaker brings you news, check it first, in case you wrong others unwittingly and later regret what you have done.” Islam builds everything on certainty. In the story of Prophet Solomon (PBUH) and the Hoopoe, when the later told Prophet Solomon about the sun worshippers, describing the news as certain, Prophet Solomon did not take its speech for granted. Rather, the Qur’an tells us, “Solomon said, ‘We shall see whether you are telling the truth or lying.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also said, “It is enough sin for a man to relate everything he hears.” Imam Al-Nawawi commented saying, “A person usually hears true and false news. If he relates everything he hears, then he should relate the false news.” Once, a man related to ‘Umar Ibn Abd Al-Aziz something bad about another man.  ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abd Al-‘Aziz said, “If you are liar, than you ae subject to the Qur’anic verse, “Believers, if a troublemaker brings you news, check it first;” and if you are truthful, then you are subject to the Qur’anic verse, “…a backbiter, slander-monger.’” If each of us pays attention to ascertain the authenticity of any news before relating it, rumors would disappear.

Among these values: avoiding backbiting. The Almighty Allah says, “Do not speak ill of people behind their backs: would any of you like to eat the flesh of your dead brother? No, you would hate it. So be mindful of Allah: Allah is ever relenting, Most Merciful.”  Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) asked the Companions, “Do you know what is backbiting? They said: Allah and His Messenger know best. Thereupon the Prophet said: Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which he does not like. It was said to him: What is your opinion if what I say about my brother is true? He said: If what you say of him is true, you in fact backbited him, and if that is not in him it is a slander.” Moreover, a person is required to defend his brother in his absence. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “If a Muslim defends his brother’s honor in his absence, Allah will protect his face from the fire of Hell on the Day of Resurrection.”

Among these values: to avoid defaming one another. This applies when such defaming is done with words or actions. The Qur’an prohibits such conduct saying, “Woe to every fault-finding and backbiter”. This covers those who defame people or give them bad nicknames. Abu Masu‘d (Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said, “When we were ordered to give alms, we began to work as porters (to earn something we could give in charity). Abu `Aqil came with one half of a Sa` (special measure for food grains) and another person brought more than he did. So the hypocrites said, “Allah is not in need of the alms of this (i.e. Abu `Aqil); and this other person did not give alms but for showing off.” Then Allah revealed: – ‘Those who criticize such of the Believers who give charity voluntarily and those who could not find to give in charity except what is available to them.’ (9.79)”

It also includes not to laugh at others; a true believers should not laugh at others. Allah, Most High, says, ” O you who believe! let not (one) people laugh at (another) people perchance they may be better than they, nor let women (laugh) at (other) women, perchance they may be better than they; and do not find fault with your own people nor call one another by nicknames; evil is a bad name after faith, and whoever does not turn, these it is that are the unjust.” So, our religion prohibits us from all what harms others. One of the main traits of the true Muslim is that he should not harm others; he should be a source of good and benefit for mankind.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) bans all what harms people’s feelings either in words or action or with sign. In truth, he (PBUH) used to encourage all what elevates man. In this regard, Umm Mosa narrated that Abd Allah Ibn Masud was once mentioned in the presence of Ali who highlighted some of his virtues and then said, “One day Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud climbed a tree and his legs became visible. His legs were very skinny, so the companions started laughing. The Prophet asked: “What are you laughing at?” We said: “We laugh at his skinny legs, O messenger of Allah”. The Prophet said: “By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! His legs will be heavier on the Balance (on the Day of Judgment) than Mount Uhud.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you


All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad (PBUH);

Muslim brothers,

One of the greatest values highlighted by Sura Al Hujurat is strengthening the bonds of fraternity and reconciliation among mankind. Allah, Most High, says: “The believers are but brethren, therefore make peace between your brethren and be careful of (your duty to) Allah that mercy may be had on you.” So, reconciliation is of the greatest values promoted by the Noble Sura and called for by our Purified Religion that lays down the foundations of a coherent, tolerant human society where the value of coexistence is promoted in an atmosphere of love and affection, away from conflict.

As far as family is concerned, the Quran instructs us to send those known for righteousness in case a conflict takes place between a husband and his wife and they are unable to settle it; Allah, Glorified is He, says: “And if you fear a breach between the two, then appoint judge from his people and a judge from her people; if they both desire agreement, Allah will effect harmony between them, surely Allah is Knowing, Aware.”

This spirit of reconciliation extends to include the entire society, so that reconciliation would prevail in it. In this regard, Allah, the Almighty, says: “There is no good in most of their secret counsels except (in his) who enjoins charity or goodness or reconciliation between people; and whoever does this seeking Allah’s pleasure, We will give him a mighty reward.”

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) highlights the great reward prepared by Allah for reconciling among mankind “Shall I not inform you of what is more virtuous than the rank of fasting, prayer, and charity?” They said: “But of course!” He said: “Making peace between each other. For indeed spoiling relations with each other is the eraser of religion.”

So, the true believer makes reconciliation among people a way of life that when you see him, you see good. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Some people open the door to good and close the door to evil, and some people open the door to evil and close the door to good. Glad tidings to those in whose hands Allah places they keys to good, and woe to those in whose hands Allah places the keys to evil.”

O Allah! Guide us to the best of manners, for none guides to the best of them but You; and protect me from the bad manners for none can protect us from them but You; keep our country and all the world’s countries!

The Concept of Good Deeds and bad Deeds

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “Whoever does good does it for his own soul and whoever does evil does it against his own soul: your Lord is never unjust to His creatures.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger, who said in a Qudsi Hadith, “My servants, these are your deeds that I record for you and I shall reward you for them. So he who finds good should praise Allah and he who does not find that should not blame anyone but himself.” May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.
The Almighty Allah has honored man, created him in the best form, breathed unto him from His Soul, distinguished him with reason, ordered Angels to bow down before him, subjugated everything in the universe for him, and favored him over many of His creation, as He (Glory be to Him) said, “We have honored the children of Adam and carried them by land and sea; We have provided good sustenance for them and favored them specially above many of those We have created.” This is because man has carried a heavy burden that was offered to the heavens and the earth, but they refused to carry it. It is the burden of accountability which requires work and strive, along with the development of the earth beside worshiping Allah. Allah says, “Then when the prayer has ended, disperse in the land and seek out Allah’s bounty. Remember Allah often so that you may prosper.”
Thus, a Muslim should know that everything he does in his life is a work that will be added to the sheet of his deeds of rewards or sins. Allah says, “Whoever has done an atom’s-weight of good will see it, but whoever has done an atom’s-weight of evil will see that.” Allah also says, “On the Day when every soul finds all the good it has done present before it, it will wish all the bad it has done to be far, far away. Allah warns you to beware of Him, but Allah is compassionate towards His servants.” The concept of deeds includes everything that man does or says. The good deed is the one done for the sake of Allah and is done perfectly. Allah says, “Though all they are ordered to do is worship Allah alone, sincerely devoting their religion to Him as people of true faith, keep up the prayer, and pay the prescribed alms, for that is the true religion.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Allah loves that when someone does an action, he perfects it.”
There is no doubt that the concept of good deeds in Islam is broad. It includes all obligations set by the Almighty Allah including prayer, fasting, Zakat, Pilgrimage, Dhikr, and so on. These are the fundamentals that a Muslim should perform as Allah said, “Believers, bow down, prostrate yourselves, worship your Lord, and do what is good so that you may succeed.” Allah also said, “Perform Prayers, pay Zakat, and obey the Messenger.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Purity is half of Iman (faith). [the phrase of] ‘Al-hamdu lillah (praise be to Allah)’ fills the scales, and the [two phrases of] ‘subhan-Allah (how far is Allah from every imperfection) and ‘Al-hamdulillah (praise be to Allah)’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Salah (prayer) is a light, and charity is a proof (of one’s faith), and patience is illumination, and the Qur’an is a proof either for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or causing its ruin.”
Among the good deeds that a Muslim should perform: Truthfulness, kindness, spread of peace, and other things that make people love each other. Allah says, “Tell My servants to say what is best.” Also, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “The dearest to me from amongst you are the best in behavior; those who are lenient, who love others and are beloved…” The Prophet showed the reality of the believer when he said, “By the One in Whose Hands rests my soul, the example of the believer is like the example of the date palm-tree; it takes what is good, gives what is good, it never harm or cause corruption.”
Good deeds are not confined to one type of actions without another. Rather, everything that achieves human values, and contributes to building an interconnected society, purifies the soul, spreads affinity and cooperation, is a good deed. Thus, Islam makes person’s work to earn his living and the living of his children and his family a good deed that entails reward, and the Prophet (PBUH) considered it a work for the sake of Allah. Once a man passed by the Prophet and his Companions. When the Companions saw his activeness and power, they said, “Had his power was for the sake of Allah?” the Prophet (PBUH) replied, “If he is working to feed his children, then his work is for the sake of Allah. If he works to feed his old parents, then his work is for the sake of Allah. If he works to earn his living lawfully, then his work is for the sake of Allah. If, however, he went out to show off, then his work is for the sake of the Satan.”
The Prophet (PBUH) is the best example for us, as he used to serve himself at home, and used to help his family. Aisha said, “He used to mend his sandals, sew his garment and work as any man works in his house.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “When someone spends on his family seeking his reward for it from Allah, it is counted as a charity from him.” He also said, “The best of you is the one who is best to his wife, and I am the best of you to my wives.”
Good deeds also include everything that would benefit people physically or morally, even if it is little. The Almighty Allah said, “There is no good in most of their secret talk, only in commanding charity, or good, or reconciliation between people. To anyone who does these things, seeking to please Allah, We shall give a rich reward.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Whoever has an extra mount should offer it to him who is without it, and whoever has surplus food should give it to him who has nothing.” The Prophet also encouraged us to do many good deeds saying, “The paths of good deeds are numerous: Glorifying Allah, praising him, declaring His Oneness; enjoining what is good, forbidding what is evil; removing harmful material from roads; helping the deaf, guiding the blind, hurry to help the needy, and the weak, these all are good deeds.”
The list also includes construction; Islam highly appreciates any kind of work that contributes to building the society, a point which is stressed by the fact that the Quran contains 360 verses highlighting the topic of work. Besides, Allah, Most High, tells us about examples for some people who used to do good deeds, “He brought you into being from the earth, and made you dwell in it …”, which stresses that He, Glorified is He, has prepared a great reward for those who work in agriculture, industry and commerce as well as other basic industries like that of iron “and We have made the iron, wherein is great violence and advantages to men …”; building ships “So We revealed to him, saying: Make the ark before Our eyes and (according to) Our revelation”; manufacturing of clothes “and of their wool and their fur and their hair (He has given you) household stuff and a provision for a time” and skin-based industries ” And Allah has given you a place to abide in your houses, and He has given you tents of the skins of cattle which you find light to carry on the day of your march and on the day of your halting …”
The scope of good work is not restricted to what achieves benefit for man; rather, it extends this to include what benefits animals and inanimate objects. It is reported that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) once passed by a weak camel whereupon he (PBUH) said, “Fear Allah regarding these dumb animals. Ride them when they are in good condition and feed them when they are in good condition.” He (PBUH) is also reported to have said, “While a man was on the way, he found a thorny branch of a tree there on the way and removed it. Allah thanked him for that deed and forgave him” and “I saw a person enjoying himself in Paradise because of the tree that he cut from the path which was a source of inconvenience to the people.”
As far as evil work is concerned, it includes all what causes Allah’s Anger and gets man out of the circle of righteousness to that of corruption, and thus he will keep away from the obligatory acts of worship, commit evil deeds like disobeying his parents, and unlawfully consume other’s property and honors. The list of evil deeds includes man’s abdication of his responsibility towards his family and not to well bring his children up. Allah, Most High, says, “O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a fire whose fuel is men and stones …” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “It is sufficient sin for a man that he neglects him whom he maintains.”
The list also includes spreading mischief in the earth through spreading destructive ideas, unfounded rumors and frightening the safe. Allah, the Almighty, says: “And do not make mischief in the earth after its reformation …”; “The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His apostle and strive to make mischief in the land is only this, that they should be murdered or crucified or their hands and their feet should be cut off on opposite sides or they should be imprisoned; this shall be as a disgrace for them in this world, and in the hereafter they shall have a grievous chastisement;” and “and do not seek to make mischief in the land, surely Allah does not love the mischief-makers.” In this regard, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also said: “The best of you is the one whose goodness is hoped for, and people are safe from his evil. And the worst of you is he whose goodness is not hoped for, and people are not safe from his evil.”
The list also includes damaging roads, which is considered a big sin. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “There is no injury nor return of injury” and “He who brings harm to Muslims in roads, their curse will certainly afflict him.”
The list furthermore includes spreading hatred among people as well as anything that causes them any kind of harm like backbiting, mockery, scorning, verbal abuse, calling one another by bad nicknames and evil speech as well as any other act that is prohibited by Islam and is against the perfect morals the sublime behaviors. In this regard, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Shall I tell you who is the worst of you?” “Yes,” they replied. He said, “Those who go about slandering, causing mischief between friends in order to separate them, and desiring to lead the innocent into wrong action.”
With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad (PBUH);
Muslim brothers,
Every deed made by man will affect him both in this life and the life to come. The fruits of the good deeds include having a good life in this life and in the Hereafter. Allah, Most High, says, “Whoever does good whether male or female and he is a believer, We will most certainly make him live a happy life, and We will most certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.” The list also includes the continuity of reward after death; Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are: knowledge which he learned and then spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur’an that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.”
The rewards of doing good deeds also include expiation of sins and turning them into good deeds; Allah, Most High, says, “And (as for) those who believe and do good, We will most certainly do away with their evil deeds and We will most certainly reward them the best of what they did.” Good deeds also allow man to get great reward and to be in the company of the Prophet, the Truthful and the martyrs. Allah, Most High, says: “Surely (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, their place of entertainment shall be the gardens of paradise;” and “And whoever obeys Allah and the Apostle, these are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed favors from among the prophets and the truthful and the martyrs and the good, and a goodly company are they!”
Just as good deeds are rewarded, wrongdoers will be punished in this world and the life to come. The list of punishment includes misguidance, confusion and unrest. Allah, Most High, says: “What! Is he whose evil deed is made fair-seeming to him so much so that he considers it good? Now surely Allah makes err whom He pleases and guides aright whom He pleases, so let not your soul waste away in grief for them; surely Allah is Cognizant of what they do” and “And whoever turns away from My reminder, his shall be a straitened life, and We will raise him on the day of resurrection, blind.”
They will also face bas destiny in the Hereafter; Allah, Glorified is He, says: “(As for) those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, surely they only swallow fire into their bellies and they shall enter burning fires.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Any person who takes a piece of land unjustly will sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.”
As such, we are in a dire need to cling to all what is beneficial to us and to keep away from any harm and evil. Besides, we should cooperate with and advise one another to do the right “I swear by the time, (1) Most surely man is in loss, (2) Except those who believe and do good, and enjoin on each other truth, and enjoin on each other patience. (3)”
O Allah! We ask You to do good; keep away from bad deeds; love the needy; provide us with us sincerity and acceptance and protect Egypt and all the world’s countries from any evil!

The Prophetic Sunnah, and Its Position in the Legislation

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “So accept whatever the Messenger gives you, and abstain from whatever he forbids you. Be mindful of Allah: Allah is severe in punishment.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The Almighty Allah sent His Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them) to guide humans, and lead them out from darkness into light, and from the path of deviation into the path of salvation and success. Allah (Glory be to Him) says, “We sent Our messengers with clear signs, the Scripture and the Balance, so that people could uphold justice.” Allah has sealed the Divine Messages with Prophet Muhammad who was, as the Almighty Allah said,  “O Prophet, We have sent you as a witness, as a bearer of good news and warning, as one who calls people to Allah by His leave, as a light-giving lamp.” His (PBUH) Message was the last one which is suitable for all times and places. The Prophet (PBUH) received the Glorious Qur’an, a miraculous book that shall be kept save from any falsehood. In addition, Allah revealed to him the Sunnah as an explanation for the Qur’an. The Almighty Allah said, “He does not speak from his own desire. The Quran is nothing less than a revelation that is sent to him.” Also, He (Glory be to Him) Said, “We have sent down the Reminder to you too [Prophet], so that you can explain to people what was sent for them, so that they may reflect.”

When one reviews the Book of Allah, he will find that Allah combines between His commands and the commands of the Prophet (PBUH) in more than one position. Allah Said, “Believers, respond to Allah and His Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life.” Moreover, Allah, Most Exalted, mentioned His pleasure along with the pleasure of the Prophet saying, “If they were true believers, it would be more fitting for them to please Allah and His Messenger.”

Also, the Almighty Allah mentions obeying Allah’s commands along with obeying the commands of the Prophet saying, “Whoever obeys the Messenger is an obedient to Allah,” and said in another verse, “and obey Allah and the Prophet so that you may be given mercy.” Obeying Allah is achieved through obeying the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), as Allah said, “Say, ‘If you love Allah, follow me, and Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; Allah is most forgiving, most merciful.’”

Muslim scholars unanimously agree on the authority of the Sunnah, and that Sunnah is the source of legislation that comes second to the Qur’an. Allah said, “Allah has sent down the Scripture and Wisdom to you, and taught you what you did not know. Allah’s bounty to you is great indeed.” Allah also said, “Remember what is recited in your houses of Allah’s revelations and wisdom, for Allah is All Subtle, All Aware.”  The Prophetic Sunnah includes the sayings, actions and tacit approvals of the Prophet (PBUH), for the Almighty Allah said, “The Messenger of Allah is an excellent model for those of you who put your hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Him often.” This covers all conditions of the Prophet (PBUH). Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-‘As said, “I used to write everything which I heard from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). I intended (by it) to memorize it. Quraysh tribe prohibited me saying: Do you write everything that you hear from him while the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) is a human being: he speaks in anger and pleasure? So I stopped writing, and mentioned it to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). He signaled with his finger to him mouth and said: Write, by Him in Whose hand my soul lies, only right comes out from it.”

Thus, the Glorious Qur’an is the first source of legislation, and the Sunnah is the second source; it provides explanation and clarification for the Qur’an, because the Prophet (PBUH) is the best one to understand the meaning of Allah’s speech and wisdom. The Qur’an tells us, “When Allah and His Messenger have decided on a matter that concerns them, it is not fitting for any believing man or woman to claim freedom of choice in that matter.” Allah also said, “By your Lord, they will not be true believers until they let you decide between them in all matters of dispute, and find no resistance in their souls to your decisions, accepting them totally.” Another Qur’anic verse says, “And when they hear news of security or fear, they publicize it. Had they referred it to the Messenger or their authorities, those with sound judgment among them would have validated it.” Allah warned us against disobeying the commands of the Prophet (PBUH) saying, “Let therefore those who oppose His commandment beware lest there befall them a trial or there befall them a torment afflictive.”

The Prophetic Sunnah has detailed many undetailed provisions in the Qur’an. For example, the Qur’an gives us general commands about performing Prayer, Zakat. Allah said. “Perform Prayer and pay Zakat!” So, how should we perform these pillars of Islam namely, Salah, Zakat, and Hajj, without the explanation from the Sunnah? The Prophet (PBUH) detailed these obligations through his practices and said, “Perform prayers in the way you saw me performing my prayers.” The Prophet (PBUH) explained prayer in his statements and actions. For example he said, “When you stand for Prayer say Takbir and then recite from the Qur’an (of what you know by heart) and then bow till you feel at ease. Then raise your head and stand up straight, then prostrate till you feel at ease during your prostration, then sit with calmness till you feel at ease (do not hurry) and do the same in all your prayers.” Sunnah has elaborated on many types and rulings of Zakat; it defined the Nisab (i.e. the minimum level at which one should give out Zakat). It also explained all the Shari rulings on Hajj; a point which is crystal clear in the Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH), “learn your rituals of Hajj from me.” Also, when a man came to our master ‘Imran Ibn Husayn (Allah be pleased with him) and said, “What are these Hadiths you tell people about while leaving the Quran behind?” ‘Imran replied, “Assume that you and your colleagues have consulted the Quran, how would you have found the numbers of the raka‘at of the noon prayer and the afternoon prayer …”

In the same way the Sunnah details verses with general meanings, it also restricts verses with absolute meanings. For example, it instructs that there is no bequeath over 1/3 of the estate and that there is no bequeath to an already heir. In this regard, Sa‘ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (Allah be pleased with him) said, “The Prophet (PBUH) visited me at Mecca while I was ill. I said (to him), “I have property; May I bequeath all my property in Allah’s Cause?” He said, “No.” I said, “Half of it?” He said, “No.” I said, “One third of it?” He said, “One-third (is alright), yet it is still too much, for you’d better leave your inheritors wealthy than leave them poor, begging of others. Whatever you spend will be considered a Sadaqa for you, even the mouthful of food you put in the mouth of your wife. Anyhow Allah may let you recover, so that some people may benefit by you and others be harmed by you.” In the same connection, it shows that there is no bequest for an heir; the Prophet (PBUH) said, “there is no bequest for an heir.”

The Sunnah furthermore shows that it is prohibited for a man to gather between a woman and her paternal or maternal aunt in marriage; Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “A woman should not be married to one who had married her paternal aunt or a paternal aunt …”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you


All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; and I bear witness that our master Prophet Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his family, companions and whoever follows their guidance to the Day of Judgment.

Muslim brothers,

Stressing the status, authenticity and high rank of the Sunnah in the Islamic legislation, we should differentiate between the recommended acts of worship and habits that differ from one time to time and one place to place. People’s habits might include dressings, means of transportation and all what may be seen as belonging to ‘urf. That is because every time has its own habits that differ from their counterparts in the previous one. It is thus inconceivable to force people to adopt a particular habit in travelling, dressing or food under the pretext of following the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), because habits are mainly based on ‘urf and what suits the era and the environment unless it opposes the well-established rulings of the pure Sharia. So, when Imam Al-Shaf‘i, may Allah have mercy upon him, views the head cover as one of the chivalry requirements, he did so because this suited his environment and era. Yet, out of the fact that customs and traditions do not deny the head cover today, we find no harm in that.

In this vein, we stress that the fiercest enemies of the Sunnah are of two kinds; first: those who trade with religion, deviate it and corrupt the meanings of the texts to achieve special goals. This category might shed the blood and wipe out everything, wrongly believing that they are doing good while religion is totally innocent from them. There are also the extremists whom the Prophet (PBUH) warned us against as he said, “Beware! The extremists perished,” saying it three times.” In the same connection, ‘Umar ibnj Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The thing I fear most for my Ummah is every hypocrite with an eloquent tongue.”

As for the second category, it includes those who do not carefully study knowledge or are fully acquainted with its tools. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) showed that they are of great danger, affirming, “Verily, Allah does not take away knowledge by snatching it from the people but He takes away knowledge by taking away the scholars, so that when He leaves no learned person, people turn to the ignorant as their leaders; then they are asked to deliver religious verdicts and they deliver them without knowledge, they go astray, and lead others astray.”

So, the purified Sunnah of the Prophet is innocent from any extremism that might defame its tolerance and moderation. It is furthermore totally innocent from that kind of extremism that totally denies it; Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, ” Soon there will come a time that a man will be reclining on his pillow, and when one of my Hadiths is narrated he will say: ‘The Book of Allah is (sufficient) between us and you. Whatever it states is permissible, we will take as permissible, and whatever it states is forbidden, we will take as forbidden.’ Verily, whatever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has forbidden is like that which Allah has forbidden.”

Extremism and negligence are some kind of extremism that is far away from the moderate course and methodology of Islam. Besides, it is sheer injustice against the Prophetic Sunnah that is totally identical to the ultimate objectives of the Quran. In fact, understanding the objectives of the Sunnah correctly means that we became fully aware of the objectives of our religion, which is all just, all merciful, all tolerant, all ease and all human. Well-versed scholars, in the past and the present, are of the opinion that what realizes these ultimate objectives of religion is undoubtedly an indispensible part of religion, and that what opposes them actually opposes Islam and its objectives and goals.

At that point, we should highlight the big role played by full-fledged scholars in correcting the misconceptions of the misguided and deviated people; a point which is crystal clear in the Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) wherein he (PBUH) said, “This religion will be carried in every generation by the most balanced people. They will refute the misquotations of the extremists and the plagiarisms of the nullifiers and the interpretations of the zealots.”

We are in a dire need to understand the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) through its objectives and not to restrict ourselves to the literal interpretation of the texts without understanding its objectives. This is actually realized through understanding the purified Prophetic Sunnah in light of that era’s requirements, so that we could cope with the spirit and developments of time. In this way, we will conveying the Sunnah to people, which is the innovation aspired for by the Sunnah itself as is crystal clear in the Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) wherein he said, “Allah will raise for this community at the end of every hundred years the one who will renovate its religion for it.”

O Allah! Guide us to correctly understand Your Book and the Sunnah of Your Prophet (PBUH); teach us what benefits us; make us incur benefit from what you taught us; protect our country and all the World’s countries.

The Glorious Quran’s Concern for Moral Values

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, Who says in His Ever Glorious Book, “This Quran does indeed show the straightest way. It gives the faithful who do right the good news that they will have a great reward.” I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his Household, Companions and upon those who follow their path to the Day of Judgment.

The aspects of greatness in the Glorious Qur’an are countless, for the Qur’an is the strongest means to bring us close to Allah. It is the best admonish, the light, and the straight path that may not be distorted, and the will be kept free from falsehood. Scholars will not cease to discover its marvelousness. It will never be outdated, and none can comprehend all its wisdom. Whoever speaks according to its verses will be truthful; whoever acts according to its guidance will be rewarded; whoever judges according to its provisions will be just; and whoever calls it will be guided to a straight path. The Almighty Allah says, “We have sent the Scripture down to you explaining everything, and as guidance and mercy and good news to those who devote themselves to Allah.” He (Glory be to Him) also says, “There is nothing that We have left out from the Book [Qur’an].”

Among the aspects of greatness of the Glorious Qur’an is the attention it pays to ethics in the life of individuals and nations through its system of values and rules that regulate human behavior and establishes an interconnected society which is characterized by pure souls and hearts, and whose members deal with honesty, truthfulness, compassion. It is in such society that each member believes in the norm of diversity, peaceful coexistence, respect for the other, and the pursuit of the reconstruction of the world with religion. The Almighty Allah says, “O People, We created you all from a single man and a single woman, and made you into races and tribes so that you should recognize one another. In Allah’s eyes, the most honoured of you are the ones most mindful of Him: Allah is all knowing, all aware.” Allah also says, “Had your Lord so willed, He would have certainly made humanity one single community [of believers], but they continue to have their differences- except those on whom your Lord has mercy.” In another verse, Allah says, “It was He who brought you into being from the earth and made you inhabit it.”

One who contemplates the Glorious Qur’an will realize that the moral values that the Qur’an  ​​called for are not superficial morals that that can be dispensed with, or used in an environment without another. Rather, they are a set of fixed values ​​that do not change over time or from a place to another. These values were the a life approach applied by the Prophet (PBUH). When Aisha was asked about the character of Prophet (PBUH), she did not enumerate the behaviors of the Prophet (PBUH), but she referred the questioner to the Qur’an. Sa’d Ibn Hisham in commenting on the Qur’anic Verse, “And truly you have an outstanding character” said: Aishah was asked, “what was the character of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) like? She replied, “Do you read the Qur’an?”, the questioner said, “yeas”. She said, “His character was the Qur’an.” Her answer affirms that the entire Qur’an, with its beliefs, laws, acts of worship and transactions, is essentially a strong call to building a human being on the basis of an integrated moral structure, and that the Messenger (PBUH) was the perfect example for this building in all of his affairs.

At the top of these values are respecting the dignity of human beings and avoiding degrading them.  The Almighty Allah commands believers to avoid anything that harms their brothers such as mockery and evil thoughts. The Almighty Allah said, “Believers, no one group of men should jeer at another, who may after all be better than them; no one group of women should jeer at another, who may after all be better than them; do not speak ill of one another; do not use offensive nicknames for one another. How bad it is to be called a mischief-maker after accepting faith! Those who do not repent of this behavior are evildoers.” Allah also said, “Believers, avoid many suspicions – some suspicions are sinful- and do not spy on one another or speak ill of people behind their backs: would any of you like to eat the flesh of your dead brother? No, you would hate it. So be mindful of Allah: Allah is ever relenting, most merciful.” Belief instils in the heart the value of thinking well of others, as Allah said, “When you heard the lie, why did believing men and women not think well of their own people and declare, ‘This is obviously a lie’?”

Also, among the values ​​that the Glorious Qur’an is keen to promote are: cooperation, solidarity and compassion. The Glorious Qur’an instructed the whole society to cooperate for the cause righteousness and piety. The Almighty Allah said, “Help one another to do what is right and good; do not help one another towards sin and hostility.” Cooperation among members of the society is a main factor of the nation’s strength and the achievement of social security. Every person has requirements that he seeks and strives to achieve. If the spirit of solidarity increases, the whole society will feel assure regarding these requirements. A poet said:

People are servants for one another

whether they are Arabs or non-Arabs

The Prophet (PBUH) called for cooperation in many Ahadeeth. He (PBUH) said, “The believers in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy are just like one body. When one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever.” He (PBUH) also said, “A Muslim is a brother to a Muslim. He should neither deceive him nor lie to him, nor leave him without assistance. Everything belonging to a Muslim is inviolable for a Muslim; his honour, his blood and property. Piety is here (and he pointed out to his chest thrice). It is enough for a Muslim to commit evil by despising his Muslim brother.”

Among these values is reflection. The Almighty Allah commanded His servants to reflect on the creation of heavens and earth, praising those who do so. Allah said. “There truly are signs in the creation of the heavens and earth, and in the alternation of night and day, for those with understanding, who remember Allah standing, sitting, and lying down, who reflect on the creation of the heavens and earth: ‘Our Lord! You have not created all this without purpose- You are far above that!- so protect us from the torment of the Fire.” He (Glory be to Him) also said, “Have they not contemplated the realm of the heavens and earth?”

Allah, Most High, urged us to ponder over the creation of different creatures, a point which is crystal clear in the Saying of Allah, Most High, “Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you see …” and “Say: Tell me, if Allah were to make the night to continue incessantly on you till the day of resurrection, who is the god besides Allah that could bring you light? Do you not then hear?” In the same connection, He, the Almighty, ordered us to ponder over the creation of the soul, “Do they not reflect within themselves …” and “nd in the earth there are signs for those who are sure, (20) And in your own souls (too); will you not then see?” As such, the Noble Quran opens the doors to us to reflect over all what may beneficial for man. In truth, reflection is but an act of worship of which the companions and jurists were fully aware. For this reason, Abu Al-Darda (may Allah be pleased with him) says, “To ponder over the creation of the creatures for just one hour is better than standing for payer the whole night”. Wahb Ibn Munabbih also says, “Once a man practices reflection for much time, he would understand; and once he understood, he would apply this knowledge.”

The list includes also the value of dialogue and respecting the other. In fact, so many verses of the Quran direct the attention of the Ummah and the entire humanity to the significance of dialogue. Dialogue is actually the means Allah, Most High, orders His Messenger and Prophets to resort to when delivering the Divine Message. That is because Islam believes in the freedom of belief. Allah, Most High, says: “There shall be no compulsion in religion.” Prophet Noah (PBUH) resorted to the means of dialogue while calling his people; Allah says: “He said: O my people! tell me if I have with me clear proof from my Lord, and He has granted me mercy from Himself and it has been made obscure to you; shall we constrain you to (accept) it while you are averse from it?”

Also, Prophet Abraham (PBUH) resorted to reason when speaking with the tyrant Al-Namrud as clearly shown by the Quran, ” Have you not considered him (Namrud) who disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom? When Ibrahim said: My Lord is He who gives life and causes to die, he said: I give life and cause death. Ibrahim said: So surely Allah causes the sun to rise from the east, then make it rise from the west; thus he who disbelieved was confounded; and Allah does not guide aright the unjust people.”

This actually the same methodology adopted by Moses (PBUH) in his dialogue with Pharaoh as recorded in the Quran, “Firon said: And what is the Lord of the worlds? (23) He said: The Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them, if you would be sure. (24) (Firon) said to those around him: Do you not hear? (25) He said: Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers of old. (26) Said he: Most surely your Apostle who is sent to you is mad. (27) He said: The Lord of the east and the west and what is between them, if you understand. (28) Said he: If you will take a god besides me, I will most certainly make you one of the imprisoned.”

In fact, the Quran frequently highlights the values of dialogue since it implies a call for the human progress and showing respect for each other, irrespective of one’s color, religion and race. That is to say that Islam has already cast away all theories of racism and supremacy of one race over the others. By this, the Quran has actually kept the dignity of the entire humanity and approved the principle of the unity of races. Allah, Glorified is He, says: “And surely We have honored the children of Adam, and We carry them in the land and the sea, and We have given them of the good things, and We have made them to excel by an appropriate excellence over most of those whom We have created” and ” O people! be careful of (your duty to) your Lord, Who created you from a single being and created its mate of the same (kind) and spread from these two, many men and women; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah, by Whom you demand one of another (your rights), and (to) the ties of relationship; surely Allah ever watches over you.”

With that said, I ask Allah to forgive me and you


All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds; I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; and I bear witness that our master Prophet Muhammad is His slave and Messenger; may Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his family, companions and whoever follows their guidance to the Day of Judgment.

Muslim brothers,

The list of the moral values recorded in the Quran includes self-control and restraining one’s anger. It is taken for granted that man in this life is liable to get angry for a reason or another, since the human soul is influenced by what it sees and hears. For this reason, the Quran calls for self-control and restraining of one’s anger; it wants all people to pardon each other. In this regard, Allah, Glorified is He, says: “And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord; and a Garden, the extensiveness of which is (as) the heavens and the earth, it is prepared for those who guard (against evil)”; ” And let not those of you who possess grace and abundance swear against giving to the near of kin and the poor and those who have fled in Allah’s way, and they should pardon and turn away. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful”; “And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when lo! He between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were a warm friend” and “but whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah.”

The list of values furthermore includes reconciliation among Muslims. In truth, many verses in the Quran order is to reconcile among mankind and to give glad tidings to those who reconcile among people that Allah prepares for them a great reward. He, Most High, says, ” There is no good in most of their secret counsels except (in his) who enjoins charity or goodness or reconciliation between people; and whoever does this seeking Allah’s pleasure, We will give him a mighty reward”; ” But he who fears an inclination to a wrong course or an act of disobedience on the part of the testator, and effects an agreement between the parties, there is no blame on him. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful” and “On this world and the hereafter. And they ask you concerning the orphans Say: To set right for them (their affairs) is good, and if you become co-partners with them, they are your brethren; and Allah knows the mischief-maker and the pacemaker, and if Allah had pleased, He would certainly have caused you to fall into a difficulty; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.” On the contrary, He, Glorified is He, wans those who spread corruption and mischief among people, saying: “And among men is he whose speech about the life of this world causes you to wonder, and he calls on Allah to witness as to what is in his heart, yet he is the most violent of adversaries. (204) And when he turns back, he runs along in the land that he may cause mischief in it and destroy the tilth and the stock, and Allah does not love mischief-making. (205) And when it is said to him, guard against (the punishment of) Allah; pride carries him off to sin, therefore hell is sufficient for him; and certainly it is an evil resting place.”

As such, we are in dire need to adhere to the moral ethics called for by the Quran and applied by the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), so that we could arrive at the same level of civilization, progress and advancement.

O Allah! Guide us to the best of morals for none can guide to the best of them but You! O Allah! Remove the worst of morals from us for none can do that but You! O Allah! Protect our country, people, army and police; and grant us and all the Muslim countries security and safety.